Feminism is (not) equality. Support for gender equality and support for feminism

Last registered on March 22, 2021

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Feminism is (not) equality. Support for gender equality and support for feminism
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0007400
Initial registration date
March 22, 2021

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
March 22, 2021, 1:12 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
UC3M

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Additional Trial Information

Status
On going
Start date
2021-03-15
End date
2021-03-29
Secondary IDs
Abstract
In recent years, mass support for feminism has emerged through demonstrations and strikes for gender equality worldwide. This situation has been particularly intense in Spain since 2018: despite the difficulty in measuring the observance of such action, the strength of the mobilization in this country would appear to be unique the world over. This has contributed to the resurgence of feminism in the mainstream mass media and its growing popularity in public discourse. Indeed, identifying as a feminist may have become a mark of pride and a source of cultural capital for many women (Benedictis et al. 2019). However, at the same time as the emergence of feminism, there has been a rise in support for the far-right party and the conservative party in Spain. The far-right party VOX got representation in the parliament for the first time in 2019 General Elections. These parties have a discourse based on traditional gender roles or assume that gender equality has been reached.
In 2019, in a previous study, we analyzed to what extent support for equality is spread among young citizens, also how they value or reject the concept of feminism. In this second study, we replicate the examination of support for equality between men and women and feminism among a sample of adults between 18 and 65 years old. Based on these initial findings, we will now conduct an experiment for the adult population. The comparison is twofold: we will run the comparison between men and women and among age groups/generations.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Clavería, Sílvia and Gema García-Albacete. 2021. "Feminism is (not) equality. Support for gender equality and support for feminism ." AEA RCT Registry. March 22. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.7400
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
In a previous study we conducted a survey experiment with young people in a face to face large survey. We are now going to replicate it among a representative sample of the population with online activity in Spain (age 18 years to 65).
Intervention Start Date
2021-03-15
Intervention End Date
2021-03-29

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
The differences between the support for equality or feminism constitutes our ATE.
Dependent variable 1: support for equality between men and women. Answer to the question: In a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means ‘nothing’ to 10 ‘totally’, to what extent do you feel identified with equality for men and women struggle (lucha).
Dependent variable 2: Support for feminism. Answer to the question: In a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means ‘nothing’ to 10 ‘totally’, to what extent do you feel identified with feminism struggle (lucha)
Dependent variable 3: ATE, differences in support for feminism and support for equality.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Dependent variable 1: support for equality between men and women. Answer to the question: In a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means ‘nothing’ to 10 ‘totally’, to what extent do you feel identified with equality for men and women struggle (lucha).
Dependent variable 2: Support for feminism. Answer to the question: In a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means ‘nothing’ to 10 ‘totally’, to what extent do you feel identified with feminism struggle (lucha)
Dependent variable 3: ATE, differences in support for feminism and support for equality.

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Survey experiment in which two groups are exposed to a different question regarding their support for gender equality
Experimental Design Details
We will use a survey experiment in which we divide the sample in two groups: a group A (50% of the sample) and a group B (50% of the sample) that is asked to express their support for either equality between men and women (group A) or their support for feminism (group B). Specifically, the question for group A is: ‘In a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means ‘nothing’ to 10 ‘totally’, to what extent do you feel identified with feminism struggle (lucha)’. The question for group B is ‘In a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means ‘nothing’ to 10 ‘totally’, to what extent do you feel identified with equality for men and women struggle (lucha)’.

Randomization Method
randomization done in office by a computer, survey software
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
2000 individuals, not clustered
Sample size: planned number of observations
2000
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
1000 treatment A
1000 treatment B
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Supporting Documents and Materials

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IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number

Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
No
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials