Integrating Immigrants: Evidence from a Field Experiment on Information and Psychological Constraints

Last registered on June 08, 2022

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Integrating Immigrants: Evidence from a Field Experiment on Information and Psychological Constraints
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0007451
Initial registration date
March 31, 2021

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
April 01, 2021, 6:17 AM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Last updated
June 08, 2022, 1:10 PM EDT

Last updated is the most recent time when changes to the trial's registration were published.

Locations

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Universidad del Rosario

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Nova School of Business and Economics
PI Affiliation
Nova School of Business and Economics

Additional Trial Information

Status
On going
Start date
2020-10-01
End date
2022-10-31
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
Even a substantial time after arrival, immigrants are often not effectively integrated in host societies. Integration programs typically focus on supporting migrants in obtaining citizenship, residency, or work permits, or facilitate integration through language and cultural education programs. Existing evidence on the impact of holistic programs is scarce and the mechanisms underlying such programs have not been studied in detail - even though these are most relevant for policy action. We aim to contribute to reducing this knowledge gap and propose to experimentally evaluate the effectiveness of two interventions designed to promote immigrant integration, through improving migrant information, migrant self-perception, and any complementarities between them. Specifically, we examine whether reducing the cost of access to migrant-targeted information enlarges the migrants’ information set beyond that provided by their initial network, and whether exposure to migrant success stories removes migrants’ psychological constraints in ways that improve their expectations and aspirations regarding education and labor market outcomes – which in turn may increase efforts that results in better integration outcomes. For this purpose, we will implement a randomized controlled trial with recent Cape Verdean immigrants in Portugal that we will follow over the course of one year.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Batista, Catia, Jules Gazeaud and Julia Seither. 2022. "Integrating Immigrants: Evidence from a Field Experiment on Information and Psychological Constraints." AEA RCT Registry. June 08. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.7451
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
• Information Treatment: holistic immigrant information program
• Identity Treatment: information treatment and identity treatment
• Control Group: placebo intervention
Intervention Start Date
2020-10-01
Intervention End Date
2021-05-31

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
1. Psychometric indicators:
a. Aspirations over income, wealth, and social status.
b. Locus of control and self-efficacy.
c. Grit and depression indicators.

2. Labor market indicators:
a. Employment status.
b. Occupation.
c. Income.

3. Migrant inclusion indicators:
a. Legal migration status.
b. Social network.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
To assess the causal impact of the proposed policy intervention, outcome measurements will be undertaken before and after the implementation of the intervention. The baseline survey of immigrants will be conducted face-to-face. After the intervention, immigrants will be invited to respond to several online follow-up surveys. These surveys will be short in nature, incentivized, and be conducted once per month. Additional to the monthly survey data collection, we obtained consent from all subjects to collect detailed data on migrants’ movements through the mobile phone app. One year after the intervention, we will conduct an endline survey collecting data similar in detail to the baseline survey.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization is done by computer assignment before the baseline survey and is not publicly disclosed. It is stratified by neighborhood of residence and gender.
Randomization Unit
Random assignment of the interventions is done at the individual level.
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
800 individuals
Sample size: planned number of observations
800 individuals
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
800 sampled individuals will be assigned equally to the control group and the treatment groups, so that there will be approximately 200 individuals in each group.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Nova School of Business and Economics
IRB Approval Date
2019-12-02
IRB Approval Number
N/A
Analysis Plan

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