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Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Norms: Experimental Evidence from Pakistan

Last registered on November 13, 2022


Trial Information

General Information

Intergenerational Transmission of Conservative Social Norms: Experimental Evidence from Pakistan
Initial registration date
April 04, 2021

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
April 05, 2021, 10:16 AM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Last updated
November 13, 2022, 9:18 AM EST

Last updated is the most recent time when changes to the trial's registration were published.



Primary Investigator

Toulouse School of Economics

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
New Economic School
PI Affiliation
Lahore School of Economics

Additional Trial Information

Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Recognition-respect across cultural boundaries can be affected by civil servants. We evaluate the causal effects of scaleable ways to train empathy to public sector workers. We collaborate with a network of schools in Pakistan to train teachers and measure their own and their students’ preferences, attitudes, and beliefs linked to administrative data on student outcomes. We horserace different schools of thought on training empathy: utilitarian value of empathy, malleability of empathy, social norms, and by curriculum.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Chen, Daniel, Sultan Mehmood and Shaheen Naseer. 2022. "Intergenerational Transmission of Conservative Social Norms: Experimental Evidence from Pakistan." AEA RCT Registry. November 13.
Experimental Details


In this study, we test different ways of training soft skills in teachers and students and evaluate its impact on attitudes, preferences and test scores.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
attitudes, beliefs, preferences, student outcomes
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Treatment arm 1: Utilitarian value of soft-skills. Treatment arm 2: Malleability value of soft-skills. Treatment 3: Movie emphasizing gender rights. Treatment 4. Movie emphasizing gender rights with in-class discussions of message of the movie. Treatment 5: Placebo - Economics lecture
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization done by computer
Randomization Unit
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
607 (the number of teachers)
Sample size: planned number of observations
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
121 teachers - empathy malleable, 121 teachers - empathy utilitarian, 121 teachers - gender rights, 122 teachers - placebo, 122 teachers - teach gender rights
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Supporting Documents and Materials

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Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Analysis Plan

Analysis Plan Documents


Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials