Primary Outcomes (end points)
Participants’ children in each of the three groups (treatment, spillover, and pure control) will be surveyed and will complete several economic games. The surveys will measure self-reported social behavior, with modules measuring specifically trust, envy, depression, social norms, social ties, perceptions about sharing and redistribution, locus of control, and IQ. The games will be standard economic games that have been modified to be appropriate for children. In the games, the children will get limited information on the other player, namely their age and gender. In some rounds of the games, children will also know the other player’s family household wealth relative to their own family’s wealth. By comparing the behaviors of the children across the three groups, we are able to assess how cash transfers to parents affect children’s prosocial behavior. And by comparing the behaviors within-child across different kinds of partner identities, we are able to assess how prosocial behavior depends on the current distribution of wealth.
In addition, we will resurvey adults, asking them questions about asset ownership, household consumption, and individual well-being. These questions will allow us to assess the persistence of the cash transfers impact on these outcomes for each of the children’s households.