Female Empowerment and Local Governance in Indonesia

Last registered on August 05, 2021

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Female Empowerment and Local Governance in Indonesia
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0008037
Initial registration date
August 04, 2021
Last updated
August 05, 2021, 4:45 AM EDT

Locations

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
University of Michigan

Other Primary Investigator(s)

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2021-11-01
End date
2023-01-01
Secondary IDs
Abstract
Women’s interests remain underrepresented in local policymaking despite the implementation of community-based and participatory planning and budgeting programs in much of the developing world. Male dominance in neighborhood institutions may make it difficult for women’s voices to be heard even if female attendance quotas in village planning and budgeting meetings are met. This RCT evaluates the effects of an intervention in Indonesia which will train 1) neighborhood-level women’s groups and 2) neighborhood association leaders about the importance of gender inclusivity and strategies for increasing women’s participation at the neighborhood level and better representing women’s interests in hamlet and village-level policymaking. The experimental design will test whether a supply-side strategy that targets neighborhood association leaders is more effective than a demand-side strategy that targets only women’s groups.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Paul, Eitan. 2021. "Female Empowerment and Local Governance in Indonesia." AEA RCT Registry. August 05. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.8037-1.0
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2021-11-01
Intervention End Date
2022-01-01

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
1. Efficacy: survey-based measure of respondent's belief that she can make a difference in her community
2. Participation:
a. respondent's communication with members of the village apparatus
b. neighborhood association chair form reporting contacts by female residents
c. female respondent's willingness to submit short proposal through survey and share it with community leaders or members of the village apparatus
3. Quality of Participation
a. relevance of women's policy proposals (under jurisdiction of village, hamlet & neighborhood governments and representative of women's preferences)
b. coordination among women to advocate for common concerns
4. Responsiveness
a. neighborhood association chair invites women to submit proposals
b. neighborhood association chair responds to requests made by female residents
c. neighborhood association chair can correctly identify women's priorities
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
See details in pre-analysis plan

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Neighborhood associations (RT) are distinct units within Indonesian villages with their own leaders, groups, and activities. However, to conservatively avoid inter-neighborhood spillovers, we will conduct random assignment at the Rukun Warga (RW) level, which is a conglomerate of an average of five RT. Rukun Warga will be randomly assigned to one of three treatment arms: 1) Placebo, 2) Arisan Only, and 3) Arisan + RT. Fifty percent of neighborhoods will be randomly assigned to placebo, 25 percent to T1 (Arisan Only) and 25 percent to T2 (Arisan + RT). The Placebo will consist of a personal financial literacy training delivered to women’s arisan groups and a training about the village planning and budgeting process (without reference to gender and inclusive participation) delivered to the RT chair. The latter Placebo RT training will also be delivered to RT chair assigned to T1: Arisan Only.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
Rukun Warga (neighborhood unit in Indonesia)
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
100 RW (neighborhood units)
Sample size: planned number of observations
300 RT (sub-neighborhoods) for neighborhood-level outcomes 4500 individuals for individual-level outcomes
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
50 RW (neighborhood units) control, 25 RW arisan (women's group) training, 25 RW arisan and RT (sub-neighborhood) leader trainings
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
This design is statistically powered to detect individual-level effects as small as 0.11 and neighborhood-level effects as small as 0.34 standard deviations with a significance level of alpha = 0.05.
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Health Sciences and Behavioral Sciences Institutional Review Board, University of Michigan
IRB Approval Date
2021-03-16
IRB Approval Number
HUM00194812
IRB Name
Komisi Etik Universitas Gadjah Mada (Ethics Commission, Gadjah Mada University)
IRB Approval Date
2021-04-20
IRB Approval Number
KE/UGM/004/EC/2021