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Field Before After
Trial Status on_going completed
Last Published September 28, 2021 03:10 PM October 24, 2023 05:02 PM
Study Withdrawn No
Intervention Completion Date September 30, 2021
Data Collection Complete Yes
Final Sample Size: Number of Clusters (Unit of Randomization) 192 kebeles
Was attrition correlated with treatment status? No
Final Sample Size: Total Number of Observations 3,812 households
Public Data URL
Is there a restricted access data set available on request? Yes
Restricted Data Contact [email protected]
Program Files No
Data Collection Completion Date April 30, 2021
Is data available for public use? Yes
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Field Before After
Paper Abstract There is evidence that cash transfers reduce intimate partner violence (IPV), but less is known about the impacts of public works and complementary programmes on IPV. Using mixed-methods we examined whether and how the Ethiopian government's public works programme (that includes cash and/or food for work) alongside complementary activities that engage women and men affected IPV. We analysed midline data collected in July–October 2019 from a randomised controlled trial (RCT) designed to measure the added impacts of the complementary programming in the Amhara and Oromia regions. Eligible households for this analysis had at least one child aged 0–35 months and a primary female caregiver who was married, and under 50 years-old (n = 2604). A nested qualitative study was conducted with a sub-sample of RCT participants from February–March 2020; data included seven focus group discussions and 58 in-depth interviews. Male partners of women who reported experiencing IPV were purposively sampled. Ordinary Least Squares regression analyses were used to estimate the average treatment effect of the complementary programming, and sub-analyses were conducted on the poorest ten households from each village who received additional livelihood transfers. Qualitative data were analysed using thematic content analysis. We found no impacts of the complementary programming on IPV in the full sample, but some impacts among the poorest sample. Evidence on pathways found that both the public works and complementary programming decreased poverty-related stress and arguments within relationships and increased emotional wellbeing. There were some impacts on women's empowerment from the complementary programming. However, men's reactions to women's empowerment were mixed. There was strong evidence that engaging men in nutrition behaviour change communication contributed to improving gender relations. Our findings indicate that social protection and complementary programmes have the potential to be gender transformative and prevent the drivers of IPV.
Paper Citation Ranganathan, Meghna; Pichon, Marjorie; Hidrobo, Melissa; Tambet, Heleene; Sintayehu, Wastina; Tadesse, Seifu; and Buller, Ana Maria. 2022. Government of Ethiopia's public works and complementary programmes: A mixed-methods study on pathways to reduce intimate partner violence. Social Science and Medicine 294(February 2022): 114708.
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Field Before After
Paper Abstract Poultry has gained renewed attention as a promising value chain for women because it is an asset that is widely accessible to women, has low start-up costs, and provides a good source of nutritious animal-sourced foods for children in chicken meat and, especially, eggs. The current study presents evidence from an experimental intervention that randomly provided women either a poultry package transfer of vaccinated, improved-breed chickens and related inputs, or a cash grant of equivalent value within a sample of households participating in a social safety net program. These transfers were embedded in a set of intensive livelihood and enhanced nutrition interventions as part of a broader experiment in rural Ethiopia. We assess the impact of the poultry package transfer as well as the enhanced nutrition intervention on the consumption of eggs by both children and adult women. We find that the poultry transfer increased the frequency of egg consumption as well as the sale of eggs, falling between the extreme of an autarkic household and one in which production decisions are fully separable from consumption choices.
Paper Citation Alderman, Harold; Gilligan, Daniel O.; Leight, Jessica; Mulford, Michael; and Tambet, Heleene. 2022. The role of poultry transfers in diet diversity: A cluster randomized intent to treat analysis. Food Policy 107(February 2022): 102212.
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