Video resumes and discrimination toward individuals with disabilities

Last registered on October 04, 2021

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Video resumes and discrimination toward individuals with disabilities
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0008310
Initial registration date
September 30, 2021
Last updated
October 04, 2021, 3:06 PM EDT

Locations

Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
PI Affiliation
PI Affiliation

Additional Trial Information

Status
Completed
Start date
2016-05-01
End date
2019-04-30
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
We sent 2021 fictitious applications to firms advertising job openings. In some applications we reveal that the applicant is disabled (wheel chair user) and in others we do not. In half the applications where a disability is revealed, it is revealed through a mention in the cover letter, in the other half, it is revealed through a link toward a video resume where we see the applicant sitting on a wheel chair. Among the applications where there is no disability, half of them include a link toward a video resume where the applicant sits on a regular chair and says the same speach as in the video resume with no disabilities. We compare callback rates between the different applications.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Bellemare, Charles et al. 2021. "Video resumes and discrimination toward individuals with disabilities." AEA RCT Registry. October 04. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.8310-1.0
Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2016-05-01
Intervention End Date
2019-04-30

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Difference in callback rates between video resumes with disabilities and video resumes without
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Our experiments countains two parts. In both of these, fictitious resumes were sent to employers advertising job openings for which (wheelchair) disability is deemed to have little bearing on productivity. In the first experiment, 1,477 traditional resumes were sent between May 2016 and April 2017, of which roughly half mentioned the use of a wheelchair in the cover letter. Secretary-receptionist, computer programmer and accounting clerk postings were targeted. In the second experiment, as many as 2,021 female resumes were sent to secretary-receptionist job postings between September 2018 and April 2019.Two different treatments were considered in this experiment. The first mimicked that of the first experiment. The second consisted in an invitation to potential employers to view apersonalized video using a hyperlink that appeared in the cover letter. The cover letter did not disclose any information about the disability. This could only be assessed by viewing the videos as half of them showed the applicant sitting in a wheelchair while the other half showed her sitting on a regular chair. In both experiments, wheelchair accessibility of a sizable subsample of firms was assessed by on-site visits
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
We do the randomization of the application in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
Video resumes were randomized
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
We first sent 1477 resumes in a first part of the experiment.
In the second part, we sent 2021 resumes
Sample size: planned number of observations
We first sent 1477 resumes in a first part of the experiment. In the second part, we sent 2021 resumes
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
In the second part of our experiment, we sent 2021 applications between September 2018 and August 2019. Of those,569 applications (311 and 258 with/without a disability) contained no video resume. The re-maining 1,452 applications (719 and 733 with/without a disability) included a video resume,half of which switched from a narrow to a wide frame after 51 seconds instead of 13.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Comité plurifacultaire d'éthique de la recherche, Université Laval
IRB Approval Date
2018-04-04
IRB Approval Number
2016-067 phase 2 / 04-04-2018

Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
No
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials