The Politics of Political Knowledge: An Experimental Analysis in West Africa

Last registered on October 18, 2021


Trial Information

General Information

The Politics of Political Knowledge: An Experimental Analysis in West Africa
Initial registration date
October 16, 2021

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
October 18, 2021, 10:38 AM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.



Primary Investigator

Bucknell University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
University of Missouri

Additional Trial Information

In development
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
The purpose of this study is to extend research from the U.S. that finds political knowledge is subject to biases based on race of enumerator. In this analysis, we will ask five objective and five subjective political questions to see if responses vary by enumerator including by an African male enumerator, an African female enumerator, and an American male enumerator. In regards to the objective questions it is expected based on past research that the American enumerators will elicit anxiety as he is not someone that people are accustomed to and thus they will make more errors compared to the responses given to the African enumerators. The error rate should be higher for the African male compared to the African female enumerators although both should be lower than the American enumerator. For the subjective questions, relating to political issues of gay marriage, child labor, illegal immigration, and the presence of foreign militaries in Africa, it is expected that respondents will conform with what they expect the enumerator thinks about these issues. In other words there will be more socially desirable answers which means for the African enumerators responses will be less favorable to supporting gay marriage, citizenship for illegal immigrants, and placing restrictions on child labor. For the American enumerator responses to subjective questions should be more favorable to these different issues. We expect to find that the proportion supporting gay marriage should be higher when interviewed by the American enumerator compared to the African enumerators.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Adou, Donatien and John Doces. 2021. "The Politics of Political Knowledge: An Experimental Analysis in West Africa." AEA RCT Registry. October 18.
Experimental Details


Interventions will include three enumerators: male African, female Africa, and male American. Each enumerator will read a statement prior to the survey indicating they are Ivorian/American and that they are proud to be such. As well, a flag of each country will be part of the statement.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Key outcomes are five questions related to objective and subjective political knowledge.

Subjective questions:
-Should same-sex marriage be legal in Côte d'Ivoire like the United States?
-Should illegal immigrants be allowed to become Ivorian citizens?
-Do you think Côte d'Ivoire is a democratic country like the United States?
-Do you support the presence of the French army in Côte d'Ivoire?
-Should children be allowed to work on cocoa plantations?

Objective questions:
What is the legal age to vote in Côte d'Ivoire?
-T / F: Côte d'Ivoire is a member of ECOWAS / ECOWAS.
-T / F: The United States colonized Côte d'Ivoire.
-T / F: Côte d'Ivoire has a larger economy than the United States.
-T / F: Abortion is completely legal in Côte d'Ivoire.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Experiment is a simple random experiment within a cluster.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Respondents will be randomly selected according to a pre-determined coin flip.
Randomization Unit
Randomization will be done at the individual level.
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
There will be one cluster and within the cluster respondents will be randomly selected.
Sample size: planned number of observations
Each enumerator will collect 40 observations in each country. The total number of observations will be 240.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
80 African male enumerator, 80 African female enumerator, 80 American enumerator
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
No existing data to conduct power analysis. However, analysis will be first done in the Ivory Coast and based on that data a power analysis for Senegal will be conducted.
Supporting Documents and Materials


Document Name
Document Type
Document Description
The document states our hypotheses prior to data collection.

MD5: 2bef2ccd5aa75a9bdf11546563cf86cd

SHA1: 47445b7f821a8a1395accfc4043b0782618f0aa6

Uploaded At: October 16, 2021


Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Bucknell University Institutional Review Board
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number


Post Trial Information

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Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials