Gender effects in leadership

Last registered on February 01, 2022


Trial Information

General Information

Gender effects in leadership
Initial registration date
January 28, 2022

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
February 01, 2022, 4:49 PM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.


Primary Investigator

University of Exeter

Other Primary Investigator(s)

Additional Trial Information

In development
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
By conducting a lab experiment, I want to examine gender effects in leadership. Participants will be presented with real effort tasks and randomly assigned into groups. Group members and leaders will need to make decisions with different information provided by the experimenter.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

lin, yangfei. 2022. "Gender effects in leadership." AEA RCT Registry. February 01.
Experimental Details


Information about participants' gender and task results.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Leaders should prefer to gender congruent group members when deciding who is going to answer for the group. Group members will be more willing to contribute when they have gender congruent leaders.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Participants will be assigned into groups with decision-making tasks in the lab. This experiment aims at investigating gender effects in leadership.
Experimental Design Details
There are three parts to the experiment. The first part contains two tasks. The first task of part one is to answer questions individually
in 6 categories, with 5 questions in each category. This aims at estimating individual abilities in different categories. The second task of part one asks participants to present their confidence for their answers for the first task for each question. The first task and the second task will
be displayed to participants simultaneously, which means participants will need to answer questions and state their confidence in their answers at the same time. In part two, we will rank participants by their correct answers. The best one-third of participants will be selected as leaders. Participants will be randomly assigned into groups of three. In each group, there are two group members and one leader. The selection rule of leaders will be common knowledge. Then group members will be asked to answer new questions in 6 categories, 5 questions in each category. Meanwhile, they are asked to submit their willingness to answer for their groups in each question. After group members submit their answers and willingness to represent their groups, leaders will need to decide who is going to represent their groups
in each question. In the last part, there are two tasks for participants. All participants are asked to guess their group performance then finish a risk elicitation task. In the end, we will run a demographic survey and a psychological survey for personal traits.
Randomization Method
randomization by computer
Randomization Unit
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
100 groups
Sample size: planned number of observations
300 students
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
100 students baseline, 100 students with gender information on both sides, 100 students with only gender information of group members
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
UEBS Research Ethics Committee
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number


Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials