African Views on the Ukrainian Invasion: An Experimental Analysis

Last registered on February 28, 2022


Trial Information

General Information

African Views on the Ukrainian Invasion: An Experimental Analysis
Initial registration date
February 28, 2022

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
February 28, 2022, 5:06 PM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.


Primary Investigator

Bucknell University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
University of Missouri

Additional Trial Information

In development
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
The invasion of Ukraine by Russia has caused a global response largely condemning Russia. People from all over the world including in Africa have reacted to this invasion. Many western countries like France, the United States, and African countries like Senegal, as well as international institutions like the United Nations and African Union, have all condemned the invasion. However, other countries like China have refused to condemn the invasion. Does this matter? Does the position of France affect people’s views of the invasion? Does the contrasting position of China affect views? In this paper we will examine these questions focusing on African views of the invasion considering if people here believe it should be condemned or not. We will focus specifically on their response as they relate to who is condemning the invasion including France, the United States, Senegal, and China. Our theoretical expectation is that the country making the condemnation will affect how respondents in Africa view the invasion. Compared to a control in which no statement is made, we expect that respondents will be less likely to condemn the invasion if France condemns it, more likely to condemn it in the cases of the U.S. and Senegal, and in the case of China we do not have a clear expectation prior to collecting our data. Research will contribute to an under-studied area of international relations namely the views of Africans about international affairs outside of Africa and how colonization has affected those views.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Adou, Donatien and John Doces. 2022. "African Views on the Ukrainian Invasion: An Experimental Analysis ." AEA RCT Registry. February 28.
Experimental Details



Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Four outcome variables:

1. Do you condemn the invasion?
2. Do you think Russia's President has been provoked to invading?
3. Do you think western countries do the same things in Africa?
4. If you had to choose a partner to fight terrorism in Africa who would you choose?
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Respondents will be randomly selected using a random walk in Abidjan and Grand Bassam. Each will be asked to a survey on the current invasion of Ukraine and will be randomly assigned to one of the five treatment groups.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization of surveys will be done in office using a computer and random number generator.
Randomization Unit
Randomization will be done at the individual level.
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
There will be four different samples areas. Within each sample space the treatments will be randomly assigned per respondent.
Sample size: planned number of observations
Total observations will be 400.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Each treatment will have 80 observations.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
None possible as this is an original exploratory study.

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Bucknell University Institutional Review Board
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number


Post Trial Information

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Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials