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Fields Changed


Field Before After
Study Withdrawn No
Intervention Completion Date May 30, 2022
Data Collection Complete Yes
Final Sample Size: Number of Clusters (Unit of Randomization) 6319 subjects
Was attrition correlated with treatment status? No
Final Sample Size: Total Number of Observations 6319 subjects
Final Sample Size (or Number of Clusters) by Treatment Arms ~2106 per vaccination status
Restricted Data Contact [email protected]
Program Files No
Data Collection Completion Date May 30, 2022
Is data available for public use? No
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Field Before After
Paper Abstract While vaccine hesitancy has been a large part of the COVID-19 vaccination discourse in India, there is a significant lack of empirical evidence about hesitancy in rural India. To bridge this gap, we conducted a quasi-representative, inperson survey spanning 32 districts across rural Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India to comprehensively characterize the barriers to vaccination and understand the attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine. We surveyed 6319 adults during April and May of 2022, of which 36% were unvaccinated, 33% were partially vaccinated, and 31% were fully vaccinated. Overall, there was a high intention to get vaccinated among the unvaccinated, with only 20% saying they would never get a vaccine for COVID. We use probit models to estimate the relationships between demographic variables and being vaccinated and the associations between stated barriers and vaccination status. The primary barriers were pregnancy and breastfeeding, and pre-existing medical conditions. The unvaccinated had lower vaccine-related knowledge, more misinformation, and less vaccine-related trust in medical professionals but assigned similar importance to COVID-appropriate behaviors. We also establish a high intention to vaccinate children against COVID, although it varies among adult vaccination statuses, with unvaccinated parents being the least willing to vaccinate their children
Paper Citation Shashidhara, S., Barnhardt, S., Mukherjee, S. (2023). COVID-19 Vaccination Status and Hesitancy: Survey Evidence from Rural India. In: Gupta, I., Das, M. (eds) Contextualizing the COVID Pandemic in India. India Studies in Business and Economics. Springer, Singapore.
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