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Commitment Devices for Weight Loss: An Online Field Experiment
Last registered on January 05, 2017

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Commitment Devices for Weight Loss: An Online Field Experiment
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0000942
Initial registration date
November 11, 2015
Last updated
January 05, 2017 4:50 PM EST
Location(s)
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
University College London
Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
Status
Completed
Start date
2013-07-26
End date
2014-02-28
Secondary IDs
Abstract
This paper examines how a commitment device – an arrangement to willingly bind future choices to help achieve a personal goal – might be applied to health behaviours for weight loss, building on Thaler and Shefrin’s (1981) planner-doer theory. It reports on a field experiment that tests the effects of a financial and reputational commitment device offered to clients of an online weight loss service. Findings suggest commitment devices may play a useful role as a public policy instrument, but design and targeting matter.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Savani, Manu. 2017. "Commitment Devices for Weight Loss: An Online Field Experiment." AEA RCT Registry. January 05. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.942-2.0.
Former Citation
Savani, Manu. 2017. "Commitment Devices for Weight Loss: An Online Field Experiment." AEA RCT Registry. January 05. http://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/942/history/12910.
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
A field experiment was conducted over July 2013 to February 2014 in collaboration with an online weight loss company.

Following an online survey to collect baseline data, clients were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups:
(i) Limited financial commitment (comparison group)
This group were offered a refund on the next 4 weeks’ subscription to Food Monitor. Not having made a payment, this group were hypothesised to have lower commitment to the weight loss goal. 98% complied with the refund offer, which amounted to £4 - £9.
(ii) Financial commitment (treatment 1)
This group were thanked for their time and asked to use the food diary as they normally would. As they continued to pay their subscription, this group continues to experience a financial commitment device.
(iii) Reputational plus financial commitment (treatment 2)
This group continued to pay their subscription and were asked to name a coach, someone encouraging and familiar with the individual’s weight loss goals, who might be contacted after 4 weeks by the researcher. This is hypothesised to add an additional repetitional commitment towards the weight loss goals. 41% of the 118 individuals offered this treatment complied by providing the name and contact details of their coach.
Intervention Start Date
2013-07-26
Intervention End Date
2013-11-30
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
The main outcome variables are self-reported weight loss at the end of 4 weeks and 12 weeks. The study also considers the role of commitment devices in improving usage of the online service.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Usage of the online service is constructed from number of times the user (i) made entries to the food journal, (ii) logged a weigh-in, and (iii) used the calorie counter tool to self-monitor calorie intake.
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
The field experiment tests the effect of commitment on weight loss success, ranging from limited commitment (member of an online service but no monthly subscription), financial commitment (fee-paying member, business as usual), and reputational + financial commitment (fee-paying member who is also asked to name a coach to verify their success after 4 weeks).

The treatments are delivered through an online survey.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Via online survey tool which randomly displayed one of three possible messages to participants, determining which treatment they received.
Randomization Unit
Individual.
Was the treatment clustered?
No
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
0
Sample size: planned number of observations
364 individuals
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
132 per treatment group, but the refund group was capped at 100 by the partner firm who subsidised the refunds.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Ex ante sample size calculations recommended 132 observations per treatment.
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
UCL Ethics Committee
IRB Approval Date
2013-05-02
IRB Approval Number
Project 4518/002
Analysis Plan

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Post-Trial
Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal
Intervention
Is the intervention completed?
Yes
Intervention Completion Date
February 28, 2014, 12:00 AM +00:00
Is data collection complete?
Yes
Data Collection Completion Date
February 28, 2014, 12:00 AM +00:00
Final Sample Size: Number of Clusters (Unit of Randomization)
364 individual
Was attrition correlated with treatment status?
No
Final Sample Size: Total Number of Observations
For weight loss outcomes: 187 eligible observations at 4 weeks, 162 at 12 weeks.
For self-monitoring outcomes: no attrition, all units had coded observations (no usage = 0)
Final Sample Size (or Number of Clusters) by Treatment Arms
Weight loss at 4 weeks: comparison group 38% attrition, refund group 31%, coach group 43% Weight loss at 12 weeks: comparison group 55% attrition, refund group 54%, coach group 59%.
Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
No
Program Files
Program Files
No
Reports, Papers & Other Materials
Relevant Paper(s)
REPORTS & OTHER MATERIALS