LGBT+ population, homophobia, and discrimination in Mexican labor markets

Last registered on May 11, 2022

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
LGBT+ population, homophobia, and discrimination in Mexican labor markets
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0009421
Initial registration date
May 10, 2022

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
May 11, 2022, 12:40 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
ITAM

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
ITAM

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2022-03-01
End date
2022-07-15
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
Measuring the size of the LGBT+ population, homophobia and discriminatory practices in surveys is difficult. Understanding the extent of these identities and behaviors is important for policy design and implementation. We run an intervention using an item count technique to recover both the (closer to the) true prevalence of these identities and behaviors and an implicit measure of the cost of revealing this information socially. Our setting is large metropolitan areas in Mexico. We then relate these experimental measures with labor market choices, such as participating in the informal economy.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Gutierrez, Emilio and Adrian Rubli. 2022. "LGBT+ population, homophobia, and discrimination in Mexican labor markets." AEA RCT Registry. May 11. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.9421
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2022-05-16
Intervention End Date
2022-06-10

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Difference in the implied fraction of the LGBTQ+ population and prevalence of homophobia and discrimination when recovered from the item count technique vs from direct questions
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Item count technique: survey that presents N statements and asks respondents to say how many (but not which) are true for them. The treatment group receives a sensitive statement related to the questions we are measuring in addition to the N statements. The control group (or direct question group) does not. The control group is also asked the sensitive question separately.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Qualtrics survey randomization (fully automated).
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
N/A
Sample size: planned number of observations
10,000 individuals (currently working, in metropolitan area, under 65)
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
5,000 treatment
5,000 control
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
ITAM Institutional Review Board
IRB Approval Date
2022-03-21
IRB Approval Number
N/A