Gender Stereotypes and Mental Health

Last registered on May 18, 2022


Trial Information

General Information

Gender Stereotypes and Mental Health
Initial registration date
May 18, 2022

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
May 18, 2022, 5:21 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.



Primary Investigator

University of Verona

Other Primary Investigator(s)

Additional Trial Information

In development
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
The role of stereotypes in the cognitive process of individuals and its potential effect on decisions and behaviors has been confirmed in various disciplines, from psychology to social sciences. A sensitive area in which gender stereotypes can play an important role is the one relating to mental health. The stigma associated with diseases such as, for example, depression affects men and women differently and this could lead the two groups to behave differently in reporting the disease. This project studies the effect of eliciting gender stereotypes on how mental issues are reported.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Bertoli, Paola. 2022. "Gender Stereotypes and Mental Health." AEA RCT Registry. May 18.
Experimental Details


Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Perceived level of stress and depression
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
The data will be collected through an online survey administered to a control group and two groups of treated. After a set of socio-economic questions (e.g., gender, province of residence, age, level of education, personal situation) participants will be asked to perform a task aimed to check their level of attention. This short activity is aimed at eliciting gender stereotypes. For the first treated group, this activity will coincide with a priming in line with gender stereotypes, while for the second treated group the priming will be opposite to gender stereotypes. The priming is carried out by administering 3 images accompanied by a question related to the content of the image itself. Next, the questionnaire will include a last session of questions on the perception of the respondents' mental distress. For the control group, the images will be totally neutral to any kind of stereotype. Participants will be randomly assigned between the control group and the two treated groups.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization by computer using random redirect tools
Randomization Unit
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
Minimum of 2,100
Sample size: planned number of observations
Minimum of 2,100
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Minimum of 700 per arm
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
SISSA (Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati) Ethics Committee
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Prot. n. 11542 - III/13


Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials