The effect of Universal Unified Prevention Program for Diverse Disorders(UP2-D2) on students' behavior and noncognitive skills

Last registered on July 20, 2022

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
The effect of Universal Unified Prevention Program for Diverse Disorders(UP2-D2) on students' behavior and noncognitive skills
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0009558
Initial registration date
June 24, 2022

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
June 26, 2022, 5:28 AM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Last updated
July 20, 2022, 7:56 AM EDT

Last updated is the most recent time when changes to the trial's registration were published.

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Keio University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
University of Tokyo
PI Affiliation
Kyoto University
PI Affiliation
Doshisha University

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2022-06-20
End date
2023-03-31
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
With the widespread of the Covid-19, school-aged children experienced temporary school closures, cancellations and postponements of school events and/or extracurricular activities, and a decrease in oral communication in school. According to the the survey conducted by Saitama Prefecture, 21.1% of schools stopped interactive activities among students and 90.1% of school events and/or extracurricular activities had to be cancelled or postponed. Research showed that 26.0 to 34.5% of school-aged children experienced high levels of anxiety (Ma et al., 2021; Panda et al., 2020). In fact, at the end of the 2020 school year, the number of children who were not attending school in elementary schools in Saitama Prefecture was 2,624, a 23.7% increase from the previous year. The number of cases of bullying was also reached at 22,613, an increase of 19.6% from the previous year. Given this situation, there is a growing awareness of the importance of education that addresses problems in a "preventive" manner. In this study, we implement "Universal Unified Prevention Program for Diverse Disorders (hereafter, UP2-D2)", developed by Prof. Shinichi Ishikawa (one of the investigators) and measure the causal effects of children's behaviors, such as bullying, violence, and truancy, and non-cognitive skills, such as self-efficacy and prosociality.
Our target is approximately 6,152 of fourth to sixth graders at 38 public elementary schools in five cities in Saitama Prefecture, which is located in Kanto metropolitan areas in Japan. We will administer a baseline survey to all children in June 2022. Based on this baseline survey, students will be randomly assigned to treatment or control groups at school-by-grade level (114 clusters). From the second semester, which begins in September, teachers will execute the UP2-D2 program during the regular class hours with in total 9 hours (=45 minutes * 12 lessons). The follow-up and endline survey will be conducted at March, 2023 and March, 2024.
We are allowed to use administrative data that Saitama prefecture administered every April, which include IRT based students' achievements.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Ishikawa, Shinichi et al. 2022. "The effect of Universal Unified Prevention Program for Diverse Disorders(UP2-D2) on students' behavior and noncognitive skills." AEA RCT Registry. July 20. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.9558
Sponsors & Partners

Sponsors

Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
One of the coauthors (Ishikawa) developed a new school-based universal prevention program (Universal Unified Prevention Program for Diverse Disorders, Up2-D2), which targets transdiagnostic mental health problems based on a cognitive-behavioral approach in schools. The Up2-D2 aims at broad-band effects on mental health problems in elementary school students aged 8–15 years. The Up2-D2 was designed to integrate common components in CBT for children and adolescents based on evidence-based psychosocial interventions, such as psychoeducation, behavioral activation, social skills training, relaxation, cognitive restructuring, gradual exposure, and problem-solving.
Intervention Start Date
2022-09-01
Intervention End Date
2023-03-31

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
The numbers of violence, bullying, and truancy at school, students' self-efficacy and pro-sociality
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Student achievements
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Our randomization is conducted at the grade-by-school level. We randomly assign 114 grades at 38 schools intro treatment or control groups.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization done in office by a computer, based on baseline survey.
Randomization Unit
grade-by-school
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
114 grade
Sample size: planned number of observations
6152 students
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
38 clusters with 2,050 students
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Based on ICC (0.01-0.02), significance p=0.05, effect size=0.2, statistical power=0.80, we need at least 10 clusters.
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Keio University
IRB Approval Date
2022-06-27
IRB Approval Number
424