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Trial Title Light-Touch Psychosocial Interventions: Aspirations and Self-Affirmation Short-Term Economic E ffects of Psychological Affirmation and Goal-Setting Interventions
Investigator Richard Sedlmayr Kate Orkin
Status on_going completed
Abstract This study explores the short-term economic effects, as well as mediating behavioral and psychological effects, of two light-touch psychosocial media interventions in rural Western Kenya. This document describes analyses we plan to conduct on the data from a randomized controlled trial in southwestern Kenya conducted in 2015–2016. In this trial, we test if either or both of two social psychological interventions can affect psychological and economic outcomes over a two-month period and if the effects of interventions differ if they are delivered individually or in randomly assigned groups.
JEL Code(s) D03, I31
Last Published January 14, 2016 06:20 PM August 08, 2016 12:39 PM
Intervention Completion Date March 31, 2016
Data Collection Complete Yes
Data Collection Completion Date March 31, 2016
Intervention (Public) (1) A pure control group is not being surveyed until the endline Three interventions are being delivered: (2) A self-affirmation intervention involving two videos plus an exercise to encourage people to reflect on their strengths and values (3) An aspirational intervention involving two videos plus an exercise to encourage optimistic, future-oriented thinking (4) A placebo intervention involving two videos plus an exercise that includes information from the other videos, but excludes what are presumed to be the active (self-affirmation or aspiration) ingredients Arms 2,3, and 4 are cross-cut with individual (A) versus group (B) treatment delivery (1) A pure control group is not being surveyed until the endline Three interventions are being delivered: (2) A self-affirmation intervention involving two videos plus an exercise (3) An aspirational intervention involving two videos plus an exercise (4) A placebo intervention involving two videos plus an exercise that includes information from the other videos, but excludes what are presumed to be the active (self-affirmation or aspiration) ingredients See pre-analysis plan for details Arms 2,3, and 4 are cross-cut with individual (A) versus group (B) treatment delivery
Intervention End Date January 31, 2016 March 31, 2016
Primary Outcomes (End Points) A broad set of outcomes are explored. The primary outcomes of interest are: 1. Economic outcomes, including poverty indicators (income, consumption, assets) and future-oriented investments (allocation of time and finances; educational and health behaviors) 2. A broad set of psychological and behavioral measures related to future orientation and motivation, including: risk and time preferences, cognitive control, effort, aspirations (incl MacArthur scale), generalized self-efficacy, locus of control, life satisfaction, perceived stress, optimism and hope, impulsiveness, grit, depression, self-esteem. Furthermore, we investigate: - Opinions about the causes of poverty - Recall of the intervention - Fertility-related opinions and behaviors - Civic participation - Participation in social networks (communication about goals and plans; challenges and bad experiences, gifts and loans) - Village and Market visits We define a set of eight primary measures of interest, including two directly measured outcomes and six indices constructed from multiple outcomes. The indices are: - self-concept (index) - aspirations, hope and optimism (index) - stress and depression (index) - education (index) - labor supply (focal outcome) - consumption-related expenditure (focal outcome) - income from production (index) - investment-oriented behavior index These are constructed and analysed as detailed in the attached pre-analysis plan.
Primary Outcomes (Explanation) See attached pre-analysis plan
Experimental Design (Public) 1.Pure control 2A.Self-affirmations, individual 2B.Self-affirmations, group 3A.Aspirations, individual 3B.Aspirations, group 4A.Placebo, individual 4B.Placebo, group 1.Pure control 2A.Self-affirmations, individual 2B.Self-affirmations, group 3A.Aspirations, individual 3B.Aspirations, group 4A.Placebo, individual 4B.Placebo, group See pre-analysis plan for details
Randomization Method Computer Computer, stratified random assignment, see pre-analysis plan for details
Randomization Unit Both village level and individual level. Village level
Planned Number of Observations 4194 (3634 successfully baselined plus 560 pure controls) 3385 households
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms 1.Pure control: 16 villages x 35 subjects = 560. no baseline. 2A.Self-affirmations, individual: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 574 2B.Self-affirmations, group: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 621 3A.Aspirations, individual: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 625 3B.Aspirations, group: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 622 4A.Placebo, individual: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 570 4B.Placebo, group: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 622 1.Pure control: 16 villages x 35 subjects = 560. no baseline. successfully endlined: 529. 2A.Self-affirmations, individual: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 574. successfully endlined: 530. 2B.Self-affirmations, group: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 630. successfully endlined: 548. 3A.Aspirations, individual: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 610. successfully endlined: 560. 3B.Aspirations, group: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 633. successfully endlined: 592. 4A.Placebo, individual: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 570 4B.Placebo, group: offered: 24 villages x 30 subjects = 720. successfully baselined: 622
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Irbs

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IRB Name Princeton University Institutional Review Board For Human Subjects, Office of Research Integrity and Assurance
IRB Approval Date June 03, 2016
IRB Approval Number 0000006800
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IRB Name Maseno University Ethics Review Committee
IRB Approval Date September 25, 2015
IRB Approval Number MSU/DPRI/MUERC/00196/15
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IRB Approval Date August 26, 2014 May 26, 2015
IRB Approval Number SSD/CUREC1A/14-173 SSD/CUREC1A/BSG C1A_16-002
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Other Primary Investigators

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Email [email protected] [email protected]
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Affiliation Oxford University University of Oxford
Email [email protected]
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Affiliation Oxford University University of Oxford
Email [email protected] [email protected]
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