We randomly match two couples from different villages virtually (and anonymously) to participate in the experiment. The possible matched pairs are: i) the two wives play against each other, ii) the two husbands play against each other, and iii) the wife from one couple plays against the husband from the other couple. Within matched pairs, we randomly assign one spouse to be the “chooser” and the other spouse to be the “responder”.
The chooser decides between two plates of flat rice, the “good” plate, and the “bad” plate, and the responder receives the other plate. The responder can respond to each choice in terms of seconds that the chooser needs to listen to an annoying sound. The decisions are made and implemented in real-time and online.
We cross-randomize subjects into three treatment assignments:
1) Image relevance: We randomly assign responders to either an image-relevance or non-image relevance treatment arm. In the image-relevance treatment arm, we inform the responder that the chooser, before selecting the plate, will find out whether the responder scored within the top 25% on a respectable man or soft charactered woman scale. In the non-image relevant treatment arm, we inform the responder that the chooser has no additional information about the responder.
2) Timing of sound assignment: Experiment pairs are assigned to one of three treatment arms: i) ex-ante, the responder allocates the sound for each choice before the chooser selects a plate (i.e., the responder can still influence the plate selection); ii) ex-post cold, the responder selects the sound for each outcome after the chooser selects a plate, but before he/she finds out about the plate selection (i.e., the responder cannot influence the plate selection anymore but also cannot respond in a hot anger state); iii) ex-post hot, the responder assigns the sound after the chooser selects a plate and after finding out about the plate selection (i.e., the responder cannot influence the plate selection and may respond in a hot anger state).
3) Observability of transgression and sound assignment: We vary whether i) both transgression and sound assignment are private; ii) transgression is public to onlookers, but the sound assignment is private; or iii) both transgression and sound assignment are public to onlookers.
We will further test for heterogeneity by the income of the player randomly assigned as the “responder”.
The vignette experiment aims to test the external relevance of the sound experiment for intimate partner violence and elicit norms and social acceptability of violence by income. We show vignettes in which either a high- or low-income husband instructs his wife not to do a certain action, which she might or might not follow. We elicit respondents’ first- and second-order beliefs about the likelihood and social acceptability of disciplining in the case that the wife does or does not follow the husband’s instruction. This will allow us to measure community-level norms about violence.