Identity, Ideology, and Voting in Africa: Stacey Abrams versus Brian Kemp in Côte d’Ivoire

Last registered on November 02, 2022


Trial Information

General Information

Identity, Ideology, and Voting in Africa: Stacey Abrams versus Brian Kemp in Côte d’Ivoire
Initial registration date
November 01, 2022

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
November 02, 2022, 5:04 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.



Primary Investigator

Bucknell University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

Additional Trial Information

On going
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Elections in the United States are a global event. From electoral interference by countries like China, Russia, and Iran to expressed preferences from people around the world, everyone everywhere seems to have a view about candidates in the United States. Typically, the most deeply expressed preferences come from other western countries like Canada or those in Europe. Less is known about the preferences of voters in the developing world about U.S. elections. How would Africans vote in a U.S. election? Would they choose candidates based on ideology or identity? The purpose of the study is to examine ideology versus identity and voting preferences in Africa through the context of the U.S. election. Using the November 8th election, this study will examine how voters would behave in the race for Georgia governor between Stacey Abrams and Brian Kemp. To examine the effect of ideology (conservative versus liberal) versus identity (race), a survey experiment will be conducted. Randomly selected respondents will be shown one of five versions of a survey discussing two real candidates for office in Georgia: the first version will describe their positions only with Abrams being liberal and Kemp conservative; version two will show pictures of each candidate; version three will show the policy positions and pictures. To control for gender, we will also have a version in which Abrams is replaced by Raphael Warnock in which the choice will still be against Kemp. Here there will be three versions including policy position alone, policy plus picture, and only picture.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Doces, John. 2022. "Identity, Ideology, and Voting in Africa: Stacey Abrams versus Brian Kemp in Côte d’Ivoire ." AEA RCT Registry. November 02.
Experimental Details


There will be six versions in which combinations of candidate picture and profile will be used. Candidate match-ups include Abrams versus Kemp and also Raphael Warnock versus Kemp. Each paired competition has three versions for six total.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
There are two outcome including vote choice and rating of candidate.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Experiment is a survey experiment. Respondents will be randomly assigned one of six versions with either a picture and policy profile, picture, or policy profile.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Survey versions will be assigned using a pre-determined randomization process.
Randomization Unit
The individual is the unit of randomization.
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
Random assignment is not done at the cluster level.
Sample size: planned number of observations
We will collect 720 observation.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
We will collect 120 observations per treatment arm.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
There are no pre-existing estimates to use for a power analysis.
Supporting Documents and Materials


Document Name
Document Type
Document Description
Statement of hypotheses

MD5: c73b74c88e92b8f4c08ab8e54298a240

SHA1: 2279adbbb983644ca89780d67fb56461290ce0f4

Uploaded At: November 01, 2022


Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Bucknell University Institutional Review Board
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number


Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials