Democratic development as a civic duty

Last registered on September 20, 2023


Trial Information

General Information

Democratic development as a civic duty
Initial registration date
September 15, 2023

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
September 20, 2023, 10:53 AM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.


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Primary Investigator

University of Manchester

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
University of Oxford

Additional Trial Information

On going
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
This study includes an experimental design to study agreement with civic duty and democratic development in everyday life a nationally representative survey of Ukraine’s population.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Doyle, David and Olga Onuch. 2023. "Democratic development as a civic duty ." AEA RCT Registry. September 20.
Experimental Details


This three-arm study asks respondents from the control and two treated groups on their level of agreement with a statement on civic duty. Respondents from the treated groups are presented with statements that include: an endorsement from President Zelenskyy and a statement of popular beliefs.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
The study has two outcomes. The first tries to answer to what extent Ukrainians agree that democratic development is a civic duty. Secondly, it tries to measure how the image of President Zelenskyy influences their level of agreement.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
This study utilizes phone interviews with a randomly selected group of people from Ukraine's population. The survey agency KIIS generates random cell phone numbers using a computer. KIIS then contacts the chosen phone numbers, and if an adult answers, invites them to participate in the interview. If the number is invalid or the person who answers is unable to participate, the interviewer moves on to the next number.
Participants will be randomly allocated in three parallel groups. One of those groups constitutes the control group; while the other two are the treated groups and receive a statement. The two statements will provide different input on desirability associated with the intended outcome.

Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
KIIS follows a standard randomization software to achieve randomization of treatment.
Randomization Unit
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
Sample size: planned number of observations
2,000 respondents, all adult residents of Ukraine
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Approximately 660 respondents on each arm.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
University of Manchester Ethics Committee 4
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Analysis Plan

There is information in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access.

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