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Deposit Collectors in the Philippines
Last registered on February 07, 2017

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Deposit Collectors in the Philippines
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0001813
Initial registration date
February 07, 2017
Last updated
February 07, 2017 10:18 AM EST
Location(s)
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
Northwestern University
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
UCLA (Formerly University of Chicago)
PI Affiliation
London School of Economics
Additional Trial Information
Status
Completed
Start date
2003-08-01
End date
2005-05-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
Informal lending and savings institutions exist around the world, and often include regular door-to-door deposit collection of cash. Some banks have adopted similar services in order to expand access to banking services in areas that lack physical branches. Using a randomized control trial, we investigate determinants of participation in a deposit collection service and evaluate the impact of offering the service for microsavers of a rural bank in the Philippines. Of 137 individuals offered the service in the treatment group, 38 agreed to sign-up, and 20 regularly used the service. Take-up is predicted by distance to the bank (a measure of transaction costs of depositing without the service) as well as being married (a suggestion that household bargaining issues are important). Those offered the service saved 188 pesos more (which equates to about a 25% increase in savings stock) and were slightly less likely to borrow from the bank.
Registration Citation
Citation
Ashraf, Nava, Dean Karlan and Wesley Yin. 2017. "Deposit Collectors in the Philippines." AEA RCT Registry. February 07. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.1813-1.0.
Former Citation
Ashraf, Nava et al. 2017. "Deposit Collectors in the Philippines." AEA RCT Registry. February 07. http://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/1813/history/13843.
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Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Marketing representatives went to clients' houses in the treatment barangays and offered the collection service. The cost of the service was 4 pesos per pickup, and clients could choose either a monthly or bi-weekly pickup schedule.
Intervention Start Date
2004-02-01
Intervention End Date
2005-05-31
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
determinants of take up, regular use of the service, savings balances, borrowing behavior
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
Using a randomized control methodology, we evaluate the impact on savings balances and borrowing behavior from a deposit-collecting program at the Green Bank of Caraga in Mindanao in the Philippines. Green Bank offered door-to-door deposit collection services in five communities. The service was an "add-on" to either the clients' normal savings account (which pays 4% per annum interest) or to their SEED account (which also pays 4% per annum interest, but has restrictions on withdrawals, as discussed above and in Ashraf et al, 2006).
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Green Bank first identified ten barangays (communities) as candidates for the deposit collection intervention. These areas were accessible and had a significant amount of existing clients. The ten barangays were then grouped into five pairs, so that the two barangays in each pairing were similar in terms of depth of their outreach, density of population, distance to their branch and number of SEED (commitment savings) clients. Then one of the two barangays from each of these pairings was randomly chosen to receive the intervention.
Randomization Unit
Barangay (community). The sample frame used for this study is a subset of the sample from an earlier study on a commitment savings product, called SEED (Ashraf, Karlan and Yin 2006).
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
10 barangays
Sample size: planned number of observations
346 individuals
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
5 treatment barangays, 196 treatment individuals
5 control barangays,150 control individuals
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Post-Trial
Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal
Intervention
Is the intervention completed?
Yes
Intervention Completion Date
May 31, 2005, 12:00 AM +00:00
Is data collection complete?
Yes
Data Collection Completion Date
May 31, 2005, 12:00 AM +00:00
Final Sample Size: Number of Clusters (Unit of Randomization)
10 barangays
Was attrition correlated with treatment status?
No
Final Sample Size: Total Number of Observations
346 individuals. Only 137 of the 196 planned individuals actually received the treatment, but all 196 observations were included in ITT estimates.
Final Sample Size (or Number of Clusters) by Treatment Arms
Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
No
Program Files
Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials
Relevant Paper(s)
Abstract
We designed a commitment savings product for a Philippine bank and implemented it using a randomized control methodology. The savings product was intended for individuals who want to commit now to restrict access to their savings, and who were sophisticated enough to engage in such a mechanism. We conducted a baseline survey on 1777 existing or former clients of a bank. One month later, we offered the commitment product to a randomly chosen subset of 710 clients; 202 (28.4 percent) accepted the offer and opened the account. In the baseline survey, we asked hypothetical time discounting questions. Women who exhibited a lower discount rate for future relative to current trade-offs, and hence potentially have a preference for commitment, were indeed significantly more likely to open the commitment savings account. Mter twelve months, average savings balances increased by 81 percentage points for those clients assigned to the treatment group relative to those assigned to the control group. We conclude that the savings response represents a lasting change in savings, and not merely a short-term response to a new product.
Citation
Ashraf, N., D. Karlan and W. Yin (2006). "Tying Odysseus to the Mast: Evidence from a Commitment Savings Product in the Philippines." Forthcoming, Quarterly Journal of Economics.
Abstract
Deposit Collectors
Citation
Ashraf, Nava, Dean Karlan, and Wesley Yin. 2006. "Deposit Collectors." Advances in Economic Analysis Policy 6(2): 1-22
REPORTS & OTHER MATERIALS