1. Experiment Chronology
AFF, the collaborating NGO, will hire full- (eight hours per day) and part-time (four hours per day) female data entry clerks in their catchment area. AFF distributed job flyers to women who aged between 18 and 35 with high school diploma during a census of approximately 22,000 households in the catchment area from July to September 2016. Part-time job opportunities were given to randomly-selected 41 villages and full-time opportunity to the remaining 40 villages. Flyers provide information on job description, working conditions including part- or full-time work, and expected salaries and benefits. A resume and a copy of high school graduation exam report were required to apply for both types of jobs. The total number of applicants was 529. From December 19 to 31, 2016, job applicants will participate in a baseline job survey which measures demographics, educational background, employment history, household income and assets, job preferences and motivation, personality, cognitive skills (clerical and computation abilities), fine motor ability, and basic computer skills.
Among those who complete the baseline job survey, about 220 qualified applicants will join two-week long training sessions in January to March 2017, which will entail basic computer training (such as Excel), specifics of data entry, and tests. Also, trainees will practice data entry at least for an hour every day. At the end of the training sessions, AFF aims to hire about 100 full time equivalent data-entry clerks (70 full-time and 60 part-time). Among workers who successfully perform the work during the first 30 days, AFF will give a randomly selected subset of workers (roughly half of those employed during the first 30 working days) opportunities to choose between full-time and part-time work according to their own preferences. We expect about half of them to remain in their original assignment. AFF will measure these workers’ job performance in the next 30 business days. Lastly, we will implement surveys of the hired workers and the follow-up surveys for 529 study participants beginning in March 2017.
The primary data sources are (1) census data including household demographic and socioeconomic information, (2) administrative data used to select data entry clerks including the baseline job survey and training outcome, (3) data on job performance including labor productivity and attrition rates, and (4) the follow-up survey.
The census data cover approximately 22,000 households in the catchment area, where the job flyers have been distributed. The census has collected a variety of socioeconomic, health, psychological variables. This project will use key household characteristics such as the number of children, marital status, intra-household dynamics, and household income to examine the characteristics of workers who select into part-time (relative to full-time) jobs.
The baseline job survey will collect information on demographics, educational background, employment history, household income and assets, job preferences, attitudes and expectations toward work, and cognitive skills (measuring clerical and computation abilities). Fine motor ability and basic computer skills will be also measured. Also, we will measure time use, consumption, and intra-household bargaining.
Data on workers’ performance at the data-entry firm will be collected by AFF from March to December 2017. Data collection on job performance will begin from training sessions. During the training, AFF will collect training performance such as quiz score to measure understanding of the computer program, and quantity and quality of data entry practice. Also AFF will collect information on labor productivity at work. Data entered by each clerk will be automatically stored on a central server from individual laptop computers. These data from the training sessions will be used as a basis for job offers in the main intervention.
We will implement surveys of the hired workers to measure job satisfaction, job preferences, motivation, and career expectation, etc. Also, the follow-up surveys for 529 study participants will begin in January 2017. It will collect data on household and individual welfare including income, time use, consumption, and intra-household bargaining