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Finnish Basic Income Experiment
Last registered on May 31, 2017


Trial Information
General Information
Finnish Basic Income Experiment
Initial registration date
March 14, 2017
Last updated
May 31, 2017 10:04 AM EDT
Primary Investigator
VATT Institute for Economic Research
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
Additional Trial Information
On going
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Finnish Basic Income Experiment is a large scale randomized field experiment organized by the Social Insurance Institution of Finland. The experiment began in January 2017 and it includes 2,000 unemployed workers receiving basic income. The basic income is 560 euros per month and it is paid unconditionally for two years. We will evaluate the effect of this basic income model using register based data. Our main objective is to estimate the effect of this basic income model on labor supply. Our secondary outcomes include earnings, income, participation in labor market programs, and health indicators.
Registration Citation
later, Will and Jouko Verho. 2017. "Finnish Basic Income Experiment." AEA RCT Registry. May 31.
Former Citation
later, Will, Jouko Verho and Jouko Verho. 2017. "Finnish Basic Income Experiment." AEA RCT Registry. May 31.
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Experimental Details
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Primary outcome: employment
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
The target population of the experiment consists of individuals who are 25 - 58 years of age and received the minimum unemployment benefits in November 2016. The Social Insurance Institution of Finland randomized 2,000 individuals into treatment group in December 2017. The rest of the individuals in the target population can potentially be used as a control group.
The treatment group receives the unconditional basic income for two years. Participation in the experiment is mandatory and governed by a law. The basic income replaces minimum unemployment benefits but it is paid together with other social benefits. The income tax schedule remains unaffected.
The follow-up of the experiment will be based on administrative register data. Different registers will provide a large set of background characteristics and various outcome variables. Possible survey data collection will be decided at a later date.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Simple Random Sampling done by The Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela)
Randomization Unit
Unemployed individual
Was the treatment clustered?
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
2,000 (the number of individuals receiving basic income)
Sample size: planned number of observations
2,000 (the number of individuals receiving basic income)
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
2,000 individuals in the treatment group (receiving basic income)
The control group will be defined based on register data at a later date. Currently, in absence of other interventions in the target population, the potential control group is very large (>100,000 individuals).
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Analysis Plan
Analysis Plan Documents
Pre-analysis plan May 2017

MD5: 648a932eb2daacac161b3ad2827e4796

SHA1: 1debc5cb0385c937177f6ab7546eebd9d35e2ecd

Uploaded At: May 31, 2017