Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Track choice (TCH) is assessed by the question #13 in pupil’s endline questionnaire whether pupils are planning to apply (grade 6 & 7) or have applied (grade 8) to the grammar school track. In grade 6 and 7 the question was as follows: “After finishing the primary school, are you planning to apply to the secondary grammar school track?” The answer categories were the following: “Yes”, “No”, “I don’t know”. Category “Yes” will be coded as 1, the two other categories will be coded as 0. In grade 8 the survey question was the following: “Please indicate whether or not you applied to grammar school in February 2018! If you applied to several high schools were any of these grammar schools?” The answer categories were the following: “Yes”, “No”, “I don’t remember”. Category “Yes” will be coded as 1, the two other categories will be coded as 0. The 8 graders educational choices obtained from the endline survey will be verified by their real application behavior provided by HEA. The category 1 will be used if pupil i has applied at least to one secondary grammar school, and 0 will be used otherwise. If endline educational track choices are missing in the survey, or if the survey data and HEA data disagree, the HEA data will be used.