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Does the way how Foreign Aid is framed effect public opinion about aid? Evidence from a Randomised Control Trial in Australia
Initial registration date
June 08, 2018
June 30, 2020 2:22 AM EDT
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Other Primary Investigator(s)
Australian National University
Additional Trial Information
This survey experiment focuses on whether the way how Foreign Aid is framed effects public opinion about aid.
In addition to the control group, four types of ‘information interventions’ will be provided in the survey experiment.
(T1) The ‘placebo group’ – this group will only receive very basic information on the aid project.
(T2) The ‘altruism’ treatment group – this group will receive information which frames the project in terms of the benefits it will bring people in other countries. (T3) The ‘enlightened national interest’ treatment group – this group will receive information about how the project will bring indirect benefits to Australia.
(T4) The ‘Australia as a global leader’ treatment group – this group will receive information on how the project makes Australia a global leader in this area.
(see the content of the information interventions in the documents section)
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes (end points)
There are five main outcomes of interest. These are:
1) Approval of aid (measured in question 2)
2) Desire for level of aid spending to be changed (measured in question 3)
3) What the purpose of aid should be (measured in question 4)
4) What sector the aid program should focus on (measured in question 5)
5) Whether people believe the initiative is a good aid project (measured in question 6)
(see the questionnaire in the documents section)
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
The effect of framing an aid initiative will be evaluated via an online survey of a nationally representative (on age, gender and location) sample of the Australian Population.
Experimental Design Details
Randomisation was conducted using the survey firm’s software.
Was the treatment clustered?
Sample size: planned number of clusters
Sample size: planned number of observations
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Power calculations have been conducted to estimate the sample size required based upon the average effect size and treatment group size of similar studies on this topic (eg Wood (2016)). The minimum detectable effect size on the primary question of interest (Desire for level of aid spending to be changed) is around 5 percentage points (with power 0.8 and alpha 0.05) with a sample size of 800 individuals in each group.
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
ANU Human Research Ethics Committee
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number