x

We are happy to announce that all trial registrations will now be issued DOIs (digital object identifiers). For more information, see here.
The Economics of Women Entrepreneurship
Last registered on April 28, 2019

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
The Economics of Women Entrepreneurship
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0003214
Initial registration date
August 04, 2018
Last updated
April 28, 2019 12:51 AM EDT
Location(s)

This section is unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access to this information.

Request Information
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
University of Chicago and UCEMA
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
Department of Agriculture and Resource Economics, University of California at Berkeley
PI Affiliation
Department of Agriculture and Resource Economics, University of California at Berkeley
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2018-08-06
End date
2022-02-28
Secondary IDs
Abstract
Female-owned enterprises have the potential to spur inclusive growth and contribute to eco- nomic empowerment in settings where women have been traditionally marginalized, but current evidence finds puzzlingly low returns to both financial and human capital interventions. This project aims at understanding whether a holistic entrepreneurship program that tackles multiple growth constraints simultaneously can promote business growth and its consequences for household dynamics. We estimate the growth impacts of an entrepreneurship program specifically designed for low education participants on business outcomes as well as the importance of additional mentor- ing visits, and the scalability of the program through implementation partners. Our experimental design allows us to estimate spillover effects of the treatment through a partial phase-in of the intervention and detailed network data on the village level.
This study furthermore provides novel evidence on the impact of women-focused entrepreneur- ship programs on household bargaining power of women and household consumption, and treat- ment effects on participants’ children. We study intergenerational spillovers of the intervention as a key channel for long-term effects. In addition to creating income for participants, the program raises self-confidence and aspirations, and increases forward-looking behavior. Recent experimen- tal evidence points towards the importance of positive role models for children. Therefore, we believe that participating in the program may translate into attitudinal and behavioral changes for children in their social networks that go beyond income effects.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Lang, Megan, Jeremy Magruder and Julia Seither. 2019. "The Economics of Women Entrepreneurship." AEA RCT Registry. April 28. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.3214-3.0.
Former Citation
Lang, Megan et al. 2019. "The Economics of Women Entrepreneurship." AEA RCT Registry. April 28. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/3214/history/45541.
Sponsors & Partners

There are documents in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access to this information.

Request Information
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2018-08-20
Intervention End Date
2020-09-30
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Business growth, female (economic) empowerment, agency.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Business growth will be measured by sales and profits as well as number of paid employees, business assets, and number of businesses.
Economic empowerment will be measured as contributions to household expenditures and household assets.
General empowerment will be measured by psychometric indicators such as grit or aspirations.
Agency and empowerment for children will be measured by psychometric indicators and aspirations regarding schooling and personal life decisions.
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
We will conduct a randomized control trial (RCT) with 900 women and three groups, randomized at the level of the individual participant.
300 women in the first treatment arm will receive an entrepreneurship program, which includes 3 one-on-one visits with mentors at the participant’s business or home. 300 women in the second treatment arm will receive the program except that meetings with mentors will occur at the training site, and participants will have to actively sign up for the meetings rather than automatically receiving them. 300 women in the third group will function as a control and not receive any skills training or mentoring opportunities.

Our experimental design allows us to test the following hypotheses on business growth:
(1) The returns to the program are positive.
(2) The returns to mentoring when participants have to select into office hours are equal to the returns to mentoring visits for all participants.

For each sampled woman we will interview two connected children in the age of 10-17. We will elicit the social network of each child to estimate the degree of connectedness with program participants. This will allow us to estimate inter-generational spillover effects of the program.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Private lottery at site of baseline survey.
Randomization Unit
Household level for inter-generational effects, and individual randomization for direct program effects.
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
900 Households.
Sample size: planned number of observations
900 Women and 1,800 Children.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
300 women and ~600 children control,
300 women and ~600 children entrepreneurship training with personal mentor visits,
300 women and ~600 children entrepreneurship training with office hour mentors.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Committee for Protection of Human Subjects, University of California at Berkeley
IRB Approval Date
2018-06-26
IRB Approval Number
00006252
Analysis Plan

There are documents in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access to this information.

Request Information