Aspirations game
Last registered on December 19, 2019

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Aspirations game
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0003336
Initial registration date
September 20, 2018
Last updated
December 19, 2019 1:22 PM EST
Location(s)

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Primary Investigator
Affiliation
The World Bank
Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2018-09-21
End date
2020-12-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
Development institutions have started to recognize the role of aspiration-related barriers in the creation of poverty traps. Aspirations, understood as reference points, define milestones for individuals. In the case of individuals living in poorer areas, aspirations are often assumed to be low given the perceived hopelessness that many face. Recent research aims to understand how aspirations form and how they affect the behavior of individuals living in poverty, to better direct efforts that would allow them to improve their livelihoods. Less attention has been however paid to the actual measurement of aspirations and empirical assessment of the channels through which they are formed. This project aims to fill this gap by developing an experimental benchmark measure of aspirations against which a range of proposed survey questions aimed to capture aspirations can be validated. Also, it aims to analyze the relative role of personal and social factors in forming aspirations. It includes different sets of treatments consisting of performance comparisons with peers.

This trial connects with AEARCTR-0002632. The same recruitment strategy will be employed. The ethical approval extends to this aspirations game.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Reichert, Arndt. 2019. "Aspirations game." AEA RCT Registry. December 19. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.3336-2.0.
Former Citation
Reichert, Arndt. 2019. "Aspirations game." AEA RCT Registry. December 19. http://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/3336/history/59300.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
social comparison with peers, monetary rewards
Intervention Start Date
2018-09-24
Intervention End Date
2018-11-01
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
performance, decision-making
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
We sample 50 villages in rural Senegal and will invite an average number of 24 households per village to participate in a game consisting of finding as many pairs of matching cards as possible within a limited time period ("Memorama" app). Peer comparisons and monetary rewards are randomly assigned.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
50 villages, 1200 households
Sample size: planned number of observations
2400 players
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
600
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
IRB Solutions
IRB Approval Date
2018-08-17
IRB Approval Number
Protocol #2016/03/4