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Evaluating the Effects of Adolescent Development Clubs: Experimental Evidence from Niger
Initial registration date
June 09, 2019
June 10, 2019 10:49 PM EDT
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Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
The Sahel Women Empowerment and Demographic Dividend Project
In many countries, gender inequalities begin at a young age and influence individuals’ long-term trajectories. In particular, social norms can lead to girls dropping out of school, marrying, and having children early in life. Women with less education may then experience reduced empowerment and limited job opportunities. In turn, this can create a cycle of gender inequality: participating less in the labor force may increase economic dependence on men, and strengthen the social norms that contribute to women dropping out of school. In such a context, we aim to measure the impact of two different interventions on women's empowerment: 1) local “adolescent development clubs” designed to provide young adolescents girls who dropped out of school with life skills trainings (“Espaces Sûrs” program); 2) an information campaign designed to change gender-related social norms among young men (“Clubs des Futurs Maris” program).
Giacobino, Hélène, Elise Huillery and Bastien Michel. 2019. "Evaluating the Effects of Adolescent Development Clubs: Experimental Evidence from Niger." AEA RCT Registry. June 10.
We are evaluating the impact of the following two interventions:
- The « Espaces Sûrs » intervention aims to provide life skills training to out-of-school girls aged between 10 and 19. In order to do so, weekly modular sessions are organized on various topics, including reproductive health, savings, self-esteem, decision-making, public speaking, etc. Girls also benefit from weekly literacy classes. - The « Clubs des Futurs Maris » intervention aims to gather non-married young individuals aged between 15 and 24 years old. The objective of these meetings is to sensitize males to women empowerment topics and promote new social norms.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Marital status; Number of children; Women empowerment.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
The Government of Niger and National Institute of Statistics pre-selected 596 villages to participate in the experiment. Out of these, 395 were effectively selected (at random) to take a part in the experiment.
The randomization split our sample of 395 village in the following four groups:
- Treatment group 1 (« Espaces Sûrs » only): Adolescent girls living in these villages are given the opportunity to benefit from the « Espaces Sûrs » intervention.
- Treatment group 2 (« Clubs des Futurs Maris » only): Non-married young men living in these villages are given the opportunity to benefit from the « Clubs des Futurs Maris » intervention.
- Treatment group 3 (« Espaces Sûrs » and « Clubs des Futurs Maris »): Adolescent girls living in these villages are given the opportunity to benefit from the « Espaces Sûrs » intervention, and non-married men living in these villages are given the opportunity to benefit from the « Clubs des Futurs Maris » intervention.
- Control Group: No intervention whatsoever is given to individuals living in these villages.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization was carried out in office by a computer.
Randomization was carried out at the village level.
Was the treatment clustered?
Sample size: planned number of clusters
Sample size: planned number of observations
6,942 adolescent girls.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
- Treatment group 1 (« Espaces Sûrs » only): 99 villages, 1,682 adolescent girls
- Treatment group 2 (« Clubs des Futurs Maris » only): 99 villages, 1,788 adolescent girls
- Treatment group 3 (« Espaces Sûrs » and « Clubs des Futurs Maris »): 98 villages, 1,777 adolescent girls
- Control Group: 99 villages, 1,695 adolescent girls
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
J-PAL Europe, Paris School of Economics
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number