x

We are happy to announce that all trial registrations will now be issued DOIs (digital object identifiers). For more information, see here.
Paying Farmers Not to Burn: A Randomized Trial of Payments for Ecosystem Services in India
Last registered on October 27, 2019

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Paying Farmers Not to Burn: A Randomized Trial of Payments for Ecosystem Services in India
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0004508
Initial registration date
September 28, 2019
Last updated
October 27, 2019 11:34 PM EDT
Location(s)

This section is unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access to this information.

Request Information
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
Northwestern University
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
University of California, Santa Barbara
PI Affiliation
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
PI Affiliation
Yale University
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2019-10-01
End date
2020-03-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
This study evaluates a Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) intervention that offers financial rewards for reducing burning of crop residue or 'stubble' among paddy farmers in Punjab, India. In addition to evaluating a standard PES contract, we will compare it to a contract that offers some of the payment upfront (without attempts to recoup it if the farmer does not meet the conditions). Adding this (de facto) unconditional component could increase overall cost-effectiveness if it increases compliance with the conditions, for example by easing liquidity constraints or by increasing participants' trust that the conditional payment will indeed be paid. PES with an upfront component might instead decrease cost-effectiveness because people who do not meet the conditions will receive some payment. The main outcome is whether the farmer burned his or her fields. Other outcomes are enrollment in the program, child respiratory health, and use of agricultural equipment and other inputs.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Jack, Kelsey et al. 2019. "Paying Farmers Not to Burn: A Randomized Trial of Payments for Ecosystem Services in India." AEA RCT Registry. October 27. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.4508-2.0.
Sponsors & Partners

There are documents in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access to this information.

Request Information
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
There are 2 main treatments and one control group:

T1: Control group: No interventions

T2: Standard PES: Farmers will be offered a PES contract that pays them a cash transfer conditional on not burning their fields. This treatment is further divided into two sub-treatments: T2a pays 800 Rs/acre; T2b pays 1600 Rs/acre.

T3: PES with part of payment upfront: Farmers will be offered a PES contract, and if they accept the contract, they will receive either 25% (T3a) or 50% (T3b) of the PES payment from T2a (800 Rs/acre) as an unconditional cash transfer, and the remainder as a conditional payment, i.e. the conditional PES payment once it has been confirmed that their fields have not been burned.
Intervention Start Date
2019-10-03
Intervention End Date
2019-11-30
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
crop burning
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Measured via remote sensing
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
enrollment in the PES program, child respiratory health, use of "crop residue management" equipment and other inputs, agricultural outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
A baseline survey and GIS measurement of paddy fields will take place prior to the paddy harvest season. Then the interventions (described in Interventions section) will be rolled out. For farmers offered the PES program who enroll, in-person monitoring will be used to verify they did not burn their fields. If the field monitor sees no evidence of burning, participants will receive their conditional payments, if applicable. Then an endline survey will be conducted.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
By computer in office
Randomization Unit
Village
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
171 villages
Sample size: planned number of observations
~1700 farmers
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
T1: 51 villages
T2: 58 villages
T3: 62 villages
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Northwestern University IRB
IRB Approval Date
2018-11-16
IRB Approval Number
STU00208548
IRB Name
Institute for Financial Management and Research IRB
IRB Approval Date
2018-12-04
IRB Approval Number
N/A
Analysis Plan

There are documents in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access to this information.

Request Information