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Turning opposition into support to immigration: the role of social norms
Last registered on April 24, 2020

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Turning opposition into support to immigration: the role of social norms
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0005754
Initial registration date
April 23, 2020
Last updated
April 24, 2020 3:05 PM EDT
Location(s)
Region
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
RFF-CMCC and CMCC
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2020-09-01
End date
2020-10-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
The number of migrants moving from one country to another is bound to increase, and a considerable fraction of these flows will try to access the European countries. At the same time, public opinion towards immigration is often negative. A supportive public approach has many advantages, as it can facilitate an efficient management of the migration flows and improve the integration of migrants in our societies. Building on a theoretical model, we study a set of experimental treatments aimed at promoting support to immigration through a mechanism based on social norms. Our intervention consists of presenting a favourable social norm prevailing among the members of an "ingroup" (the natives) and test its effectiveness in reducing the social distance between a subject belonging to the ingroup and the "outgroup" (the migrants). Receiving a favourable social norm is expected to deliver a clear sign that peers of the ingroup are not against migrants, ultimately affecting behaviour.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Cattaneo, Cristina and Daniela Grieco. 2020. "Turning opposition into support to immigration: the role of social norms." AEA RCT Registry. April 24. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.5754-1.0.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2020-10-01
Intervention End Date
2020-10-31
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
The outcomes variables of the experiment are actual behaviours. We measure actual behaviour by measuring the willingness to donate part of the endowment to a non-profit organization operating pro-migrants. As a second measure of actual behaviour, we will check the respondents' willingness to sign a petition in favour of migrants and their actual signature, providing a link to the real petition. The order of the two outcome (petition and donation) will be randomized.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
We plan to conduct an incentivized survey and recruit Italian participants through a commercial firm which will ensure the representativeness of the sample. Respondents in the treatment groups will receive information on the social norm, namely on what other respondents did before them in terms of donation to a charity operating in favour of migrants. Moreover, to understand to what extent the social norm is effective in changing donations per se, or due to its capability to convey information on the ingroup attitude towards the outgroup, we will also design a treatment where we directly provide information on the ingroup (favourable) attitude towards the outgroup. In the Control treatment respondentswill not receive any information on previous respondents’ behaviour or attitude.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Even randomization between subjects, in the different groups, done by the survey firm.
Randomization Unit
Individuals
Was the treatment clustered?
No
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
none
Sample size: planned number of observations
5250
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
1051
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Ethics Committee of the University of Milano
IRB Approval Date
2020-04-01
IRB Approval Number
protocol n. 20-20, April 2, 2020
Analysis Plan
Analysis Plan Documents
PAP_depositato_norma_April_2020.pdf

MD5: e1e89e5ec4c3faf6562496d4291d5b4c

SHA1: 1e10b332b51da80fd265a9394e0b4b7dcf1bbf6a

Uploaded At: April 23, 2020