College Choice and Career Prospect Information for Students and Parents in Bhutan

Last registered on April 05, 2021

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
College Choice and Career Prospect Information for Students and Parents in Bhutan
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0007114
Initial registration date
February 09, 2021

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
February 09, 2021, 7:37 AM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Last updated
April 05, 2021, 11:13 PM EDT

Last updated is the most recent time when changes to the trial's registration were published.

Locations

Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Asian Development Bank

Other Primary Investigator(s)

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2021-01-01
End date
2021-12-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
We conduct an RCT in Bhutan to examine the effects of providing future job prospect information to high school students and their parents on their tertiary education choices. We measure how biased their baseline beliefs about the returns to tertiary education are, and provide the information about future employment prospects disaggregated by the career choices at graduation of secondary school: no further education, vocational training, and university with different majors. We estimate whether the information provision changes the beliefs, preference, and their actual choices on tertiary education. Our study subjects are nearly all of the high school students in Grade 12 who are about to graduate and make educational choices in Bhutan.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Hayashi, Ryotaro. 2021. "College Choice and Career Prospect Information for Students and Parents in Bhutan." AEA RCT Registry. April 05. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.7114
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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
The information about future job prospects disaggregated by fields of tertiary education is provided to high school students and their parents.
Intervention Start Date
2021-02-05
Intervention End Date
2021-03-05

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
[Students] Actual educational choice after high school graduation; Preferences on educational choices, beliefs about future employment outcomes (employment rate and wage) for each educational choice

[Parents] Preferences on child’s educational choices; Beliefs about child’s future employment outcomes (employment rate and wage) for each educational choices
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
[Students] Beliefs about their parents’ preferences about their educational choices
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Our study subjects are 9565 grade 12 students from 57 high schools and their parents in Bhutan.

We cross-randomize the information interventions to students and parents. There are four types of groups: (1) treatment student + treatment parents, (2) treatment student + control parents, (3) control student + treatment parents, and (4) control student + control parents.

We conduct a census survey of students, while we survey the parents of approximately 50% of students at the baseline and endline.
Experimental Design Details
The selection of our study subjects, randomization, and data collection are conducted as follows:

[Study Subjects]
Our study subjects are all the grade 12 students (equivalent to high school seniors) who satisfy the following criteria:
(1) A student goes to one of the 57 high schools under this study. Of all 75 high schools in the country, these 57 high schools were selected based on whether the ministry of education had nearly complete contact information of the students and their parents as of January 1, 2021. We received the contact information from the ministry of education.
(2) A student’s email address and parent contact information (that is, name, phone, and address) are available in the contact information from the ministry of education as of January 1, 2021.
(3) A student takes an online survey and completes the last question before the session of the information provision starts.

There are 9565 students who satisfy the first and second criteria above. Once the online survey is launched, the number of our study subjects will be finalized as per the third criteria.

[Randomization]
1. Initial randomization: We cross-randomize the student treatment and the parent treatment across the 9565 students at the individual level. The assignment of the student and the parent treatment is independent of each other and stratified by schools, genders, and high school academic streams.
2. The randomized status of the student treatment will be kept if a student participates in the online survey through a unique link in an email sent by us. However, it is expected that many students cannot participate in the survey through a unique link (mostly because their email addresses available to us are invalid, and students forget passwords to access their school-domain email addresses). In this case, students will participate in the online survey via a public link, and their status of student treatment will be randomly reassigned in the beginning of the survey. This randomization is not stratified.
3. The parent treatment status will be kept the same as determined in process 1 above.

[Data collection]
1. Students
1-1. The online survey: We will collect the information about students (e.g., preferences and beliefs about tertiary education before and after the information provision, demographics, etc.) in the online survey. It is a census survey, although it is expected that some students will not take the survey.
1-2. We will conduct a follow-up online survey in April 2021 to collect updated preference and beliefs about education and future employment outcomes. The online survey link will be emailed to all students, although a response rate is expected to be not high.
1-3. We will collect the data about their actual educational choices from the ministry of education in summer to fall 2021.

2. Parents
Of the 9565 students, we randomly select 4760 students for the parent survey at the baseline and endline. This random sampling is stratified by high school, gender, and academic stream. The surveys at the baseline and endline collect the information about parents’ beliefs and preferences about their children’s tertiary education and future careers. The surveys will be conducted over the phone.

[Overall timeline]
January 2021: Initial randomization of the treatment status. Random sampling for the parent surveys. Baseline parent survey
February 2021: Online student survey, which includes the information intervention to students. Information intervention to parents. Email campaigns to students that provides career-related information.
March 2021: Endline parent survey.
Summer to Fall 2021: Data collection of students’ actual choices on tertiary education
Randomization Method
Randomization done in Stata
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
Neither our intervention nor survey sampling is clustered.
Sample size: planned number of observations
[Student observations] Our study subjects are the students who take the online survey (more specifically who answer the last question before the information provision session starts in the online survey) among the 9565 students. All of these students are surveyed in the online survey. [Parent observations] From the 9565 students, we randomly sample 4760 students. We collect baseline and endline data of the parents of these 4760 students.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
[Student sample] Of the students who take the online survey among the 9565 students, 25% each are in treatment student + treatment parents arm; treatment student + control parents arm; control student + treatment parents arm; and control student + control parents arm, respectively.

[Parent sample] Similarly, 25% of the 4760 students whose parents are surveyed are in each of the four treatment arms.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Supporting Documents and Materials

Documents

Document Name
Endline Parent Survey Questionnaire
Document Type
survey_instrument
Document Description
This is the questionnaire for the endline parent survey.
File
Endline Parent Survey Questionnaire

MD5: 4c464f74fd525a209af97f3924355da1

SHA1: 05e9002c5af8e70ad48d0aebc603692b2d41dc6d

Uploaded At: April 05, 2021

Document Name
Follow-up Student Survey Questionnaire
Document Type
survey_instrument
Document Description
This is the questionnaire for the follow-up student survey.
File
Follow-up Student Survey Questionnaire

MD5: b92ba6955b5b1f3ffcf56b6a774a49a3

SHA1: 2f2af841a1b1f82c7e777819b497e6680e2c703b

Uploaded At: April 05, 2021

Document Name
Baseline Parent Survey Questionnaire
Document Type
survey_instrument
Document Description
This is the questionnaire of the baseline survey of parents.
File
Baseline Parent Survey Questionnaire

MD5: 03a891f76650b1fd07d08b4d51cfc0fb

SHA1: 707629ddd24cab382e6f2675257a8221acab5168

Uploaded At: February 09, 2021

Document Name
Online Student Survey
Document Type
survey_instrument
Document Description
This is the online survey of students.
File
Online Student Survey

MD5: 5127ddd0cb7a7b2bc9f3428b311e1686

SHA1: 0a0ee021cc1aa9a67e7fb96b9610f002a4dd3e69

Uploaded At: February 09, 2021

IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number

Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
No
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials