Enhancing Female Entrepreneurship through Cash Grants: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Tunisia

Last registered on January 06, 2022

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Enhancing Female Entrepreneurship through Cash Grants: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Tunisia
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0007136
Initial registration date
February 15, 2021
Last updated
January 06, 2022, 9:41 AM EST

Locations

Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
The World Bank Group

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
J-PAL MENA
PI Affiliation
University of Oxford

Additional Trial Information

Status
Completed
Start date
2016-04-01
End date
2021-11-01
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
We use a randomized controlled trial to study the effects of cash grants to vulnerable and poor women in rural Tunisia. The objective is to study whether cash grants can alleviate capital constraints and thereby favor both female entrepreneurship and female empowerment. Beneficiary women were offered an unconditional cash grant of USD 551 (in PPP terms) and a financial training. In addition, a subset of beneficiaries were randomized into a gender dialogue component whereby they could invite their male partner to the training. The objective is to study whether this component can mitigate any negative perceptions or resentments that male partners may have as a result of female economic independence through the grant.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Gazeaud, Jules, Eric Mvukiyehe and Olivier Sterck. 2022. "Enhancing Female Entrepreneurship through Cash Grants: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Tunisia." AEA RCT Registry. January 06. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.7136-1.2000000000000002
Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
The experiment is composed of two interventions:
1. Unconditional cash grant. Beneficiary women were offered cash grants of TND 634 (USD 551 in PPP terms, USD 227 in nominal terms) and a financial training. Prior to this experiment, these women participated in the randomized evaluation of a labor-intensive public works program.
2. Gender dialogue component. A subset of cash grant recipients were randomized into a gender dialogue treatment whereby they could invite their male partner (i.e. their spouse or a sibling) to the training.
Intervention Start Date
2018-07-01
Intervention End Date
2018-12-01

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
1. Female businesses and income generating activities:
a. Runs a business.
b. Business profit.
c. Number of employees.
d. Financial access.
e. Total employment.
f. Total income from employment.

2. Female empowerment:
a. Women’s agency (index constructed using woman role in the decisionmaking of 16 activities).
b. Perspectives on gender role (index constructed using views on 28 statements).
c. Perspectives on women abilities for economic activities (index constructed using views on 10 activities).
d. Perception of gender-based violence (index constructed using views on 11 statements).
e. Perspectives on reproductive health (index constructed using views on 9 statements).
f. Quality of communication between spouses (index constructed using questions on the frequency of communication in 9 areas).
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
1. Household income generating activities:
a. Household head has an income generating activity.
b. Income of household head.
c. Other household members have an income generating activity.
d. Income of other household members.

2. Household material well-being:
a. Food expenditures.
b. Non-food expenditures.
c. Economic difficulties and coping mechanisms.
d. Assets.

3. Migration.

4. Non-material well-being:
a. Cantrill’s lader.
b. Psychological well-being.
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
We use an individual randomized controlled trial
Experimental Design Details
Women are randomly split into three experimental groups:
1. Control group
2. Unconditional cash grants
3. Unconditional cash grants + gender dialogue
Randomization Method
Randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
80 imadas (communities)
Sample size: planned number of observations
2,000 women
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
1. Control group: 1,000 women
2. Unconditional cash grants: 500 women
3. Unconditional cash grants + gender dialogue sessions: 500 women
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Solutions IRB
IRB Approval Date
2020-12-17
IRB Approval Number
2020/11/17
Analysis Plan

Analysis Plan Documents

Pre-analysis plan

MD5: 2f534ff45a5af19b2e4068a72c961dd8

SHA1: 6973edae14aaba65b4957863409cdd494c41cf71

Uploaded At: February 15, 2021

Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
No
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials