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Enfranchising Your Own? Experimental Evidence on Bureaucrat Diversity and Election Bias in India
Last registered on March 06, 2017

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Enfranchising Your Own? Experimental Evidence on Bureaucrat Diversity and Election Bias in India
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0000716
Initial registration date
May 20, 2015
Last updated
March 06, 2017 8:27 PM EST
Location(s)
Region
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
University of Michigan
Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
Status
Completed
Start date
2014-04-10
End date
2015-10-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
In 2014, the state of Bihar randomly assigned individuals to the teams of election officers who manage polling stations on election day. This study represents an effort to understand how the composition of the teams of polling station officials may impact voting outcomes as well as behaviors and perceptions of voters and election officers.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Neggers, Yusuf. 2017. "Enfranchising Your Own? Experimental Evidence on Bureaucrat Diversity and Election Bias in India." AEA RCT Registry. March 06. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.716-5.0.
Former Citation
Neggers, Yusuf. 2017. "Enfranchising Your Own? Experimental Evidence on Bureaucrat Diversity and Election Bias in India." AEA RCT Registry. March 06. http://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/716/history/14749.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Aprroximately 59,807 polling stations were used during the 2014 Lok Sabha elections in Bihar. Individuals were randomly assigned to polling officer positions at polling stations by district. We have officer assignment details for 2 districts, covering approximately 5,561 polling stations.

Treatment: 1,799 polling stations for which at least one team member is inferred as belonging to certain politically salient religious/caste minority groups (Muslim or Yadav)

Control: 3,762 polling stations for which no team members are in inferred as belonging to certain politically salient religious/caste minority groups (Muslim or Yadav)
Intervention Start Date
2014-04-10
Intervention End Date
2015-10-31
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Party vote shares, vote totals, perceptions of fairness, trust in government, election day procedures
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
Polling station teams are composed of multiple officers. Individuals within a district are randomly assigned to positions with polling station teams, giving random variation in whether a given polling station team is of mixed composition in terms of Muslim/Yadav officer presence. Each position within a polling station team is drawn from a distinct pool of government employees. This allows researchers to gauge the impacts of politically salient dimensions of officer identity on voting outcomes and the behavior and experiences of voters and officers on election day.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization conducted using ELECON software program.
Randomization Unit
Polling station
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
5,561 polling stations for voting outcomes; 1,064 polling stations for officer surveys; 360 polling stations for voter surveys
Sample size: planned number of observations
Voting outcomes: 5,561 polling stations; Officer surveys: 1,596 officers; Voter surveys: 4,320 voters
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Voting outcomes:
Treatment = 1,799 polling stations
Control = 3,762 polling stations

Officer survey:
Treatment = 1,064 officers
Control = 532 officers

Voter survey:
Treatment = 2,160 voters
Control = 2,160 voters
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Harvard University
IRB Approval Date
2014-11-24
IRB Approval Number
IRB14-4178
Post-Trial
Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal
Intervention
Is the intervention completed?
No
Is data collection complete?
Yes
Data Collection Completion Date
Final Sample Size: Number of Clusters (Unit of Randomization)
Was attrition correlated with treatment status?
No
Final Sample Size: Total Number of Observations
Final Sample Size (or Number of Clusters) by Treatment Arms
Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
No
Program Files
Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials
Relevant Paper(s)
REPORTS & OTHER MATERIALS