Primary Outcomes (end points)
• Administrative data on turnout (and for the urban subset, surveyed voting choices) at the June 2021 election.
• Preference for democracy using questions adapted from Latinobarometer. We will create an index with the following 3 questions (standardizing each and summing them and standardizing the sum), but also show effects separately for each.
a. “In general, would you say you are very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, a little satisfied or not satisfied with the democracy in Mexico?”
b. “Do you consider it essential to live in a country where governors are elected by the majority’s vote?”
c. Please, state if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with the following statement: “Democracy may have its problems, but it is still the best form of government”
• Stealing from /donating to the municipality: using the Resource Allocation Game --- following Lowes et al (2017, ECMA), and from neighbors. We conjecture the stealing from politicians will be larger and more precise than stealing from neighbors, as the videos are about politicians. However, there may still be (small) spillovers to neighbors.
a. We conjecture also that people will tend to keep for themselves higher denomination coins more than lower denomination ones.
• Survey measures of trust in others (from the community and outside, including politicians of different parties). Note that corruption may erode social capital and trust not only in politicians, but in a broader cross section of groups of institutions or people. These are the primary questions on trust we will use.
a. Please state, for each one of the groups, institutions or people mentioned in the following list, how much trust do you have in them? A lot, some, a little or none?
i. Political parties
ii. Political parties
iii. MORENA, PRI or PAN politicians
iv. In a person from same the community
v. In a person from other community
vi. In neighbors
vii. In rich people (relevant mostly for the Mexico video arm)
viii. In non-indigenous (relevant mostly for the Mexico video arm)
b. Speaking in general terms, would you say most people can be trusted, or do you believe one is never careful enough when dealing with other people?
• Perceptions about the prevalence of corruption. We expect that the videos will cause people to update upwards on average on the level of corruption in the country. We will create an index with the following 4 questions (standardizing each and summing them and standardizing the sum), but also show effects separately for each.
a. How much progress do you think has been made in reducing corruption within State institutions in these past 2 years?
b. Please state if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with the following statement: “All politicians are corrupt”
c. What percentage of politicians in Mexico do you think are involved in acts of corruption?
d. Out of every 100 pesos from tax revenues, how much do you think is stolen by politicians?
• Survey measures of voting
a. If federal elections were to be hold this Sunday, which party would you vote for? We conjecture that the incumbent video will reduce the intention to vote for the incumbent, and the analogous will happen for the non-incumbent parties.
b. How likely are you to go to vote in the 2021 election?
We will measure these a few minutes after treatment, and also 1-2 months later. The baseline surveys are done in person, but the follow up survey could be done in person, by email, or by phone.