(1) To graduates, the purpose is to find out whether there is a significant difference between the willingness of males and females to disclosure their fertility plan. We invite graduates to fill the online survey. The survey is designed to collect graduates’ information like gender, age and education background, and their expected workplace, salary and contract periods. In particular, the survey includes questions about the willingness to disclosure fertility plans, job plans and interests. The order of questions about fertility plans and job plans is counterbalanced.
(2) To HRs, the purpose is to find out whether the fertility plan has significant effects on their hiring decisions. We invite HRs to fill the online survey. Specifically, we ask them to indicate the importance of various factors in employment decision-making (scale 1-7), such as gender, education background, age, position, education and career experience, interests, fertility plan and job plan. The order of questions about fertility plans and job plans is counterbalanced.
2. Lab experiment:
(1) To graduates, the purpose is to know whether there is a significant difference in the proportion and time of filling in the fertility plan between males and females. We invite graduates to fill in the recruitment system. The system has two parts: one is the required part (i.e., age, gender and education background) and the other is the optional part (i.e., personal interests, job plan and fertility plan). Participants are incentivized in this experiment. That is, in addition to the show-up fee, their payment depends on HR’s willingness to hire them.
(2) To HRs, the purpose is to know whether there is a significant difference in HR’s fixation time on the fertility plan between males and females. We invite HR (part-time MBA students) to the lab to review graduates’ resumes and we record their eye-movement using an eye tracker. After reviewing each resume, HR needs to answer 3 questions: their willingness of hiring this candidate (0-100), the salary and the contract period they would like to provide for this candidate. HRs are also incentivized in this experiment. In addition to the fixed show-up fee, their payment depends on the difference between their willingness to hire this candidate and the average willingness of all the HRs on this candidate.
3. Correspondence study:
This study aims to test the externality of the results above and find out whether there exists discrimination on the fertility plan in the field. The job openings are extracted from online job sites. Each employer is randomly assigned to receive one job application from either a male (with/without fertility plan) or a female (with/without fertility plan). We are mainly interested in the callback rates in each condition.