Austerity, inequality, and political participation in the UK after the Great Recession

Last registered on January 21, 2022

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Austerity, inequality, and political participation in the UK after the Great Recession
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0008415
Initial registration date
October 28, 2021
Last updated
January 21, 2022, 5:03 AM EST

Locations

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Maastricht University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
United Nations University UNU-WIDER
PI Affiliation
John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2022-01-15
End date
2022-02-28
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
In the UK, the age of austerity, precipitated by the Great Recession of 2008 and subsequent installation of the first post-Blair governments, is a politically, economically, and socially defining era that continues to influence household welfare, as well as politics to this day. In comparison to other European countries, the UK has implemented stricter and more sustained austerity measures, particularly when it comes to reducing government spending. Among other things, these spending cuts have triggered civil protests across cities in the UK. Research in economics has started to explore the distributional consequences of austerity-related welfare cuts and its impact especially on poorer households in the UK. Further work has been investigating the role that austerity played in increasing the chance that an electoral district would vote Leave in the 2016 EU referendum, and hence support the Brexit. While the age of austerity had been declared dead in many countries, the expansion of social welfare spending during the COVID-19 pandemic both in the UK and around the world has led many to question whether this increase in spending will usher in a new age of austerity post-COVID. We want to better understand whether and how austerity policies may affect political participation in the UK. We will conduct an online experiment to study the link between austerity policies and citizens' preferences for redistribution and political participation.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Justino, Patricia , Bruno Martorano and Laura Metzger. 2022. "Austerity, inequality, and political participation in the UK after the Great Recession." AEA RCT Registry. January 21. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.8415-1.2000000000000002
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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
The study, an online survey experiment, consists of three parts. This first part comprises a set of survey questions about participants’ socioeconomic characteristics and their general views on government, politics, and societal issues in the UK. The second part consists of the experiment: short videos about UK austerity policies based on publicly available, validated sources that are referenced in the material. The third and final part comprises questions about participants' view on austerity policies in the UK and their impact on UK citizens, as well as willingness to take political actions related to austerity.
Intervention Start Date
2022-01-15
Intervention End Date
2022-02-28

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
1) An individual's willingness to sign a petition against reinstating Austerity policies in the UK (political participation, behavioral outcome).
2) An individual's preference for political participation elicited through self-reported questions (political participation, self-reported).
3) An individual's preference for redistribution in society elicited through a set of non-incentivized survey questions that are typically used in the pertinent literature.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
The experiment will apply an informational treatment to investigate whether and how exposure to information about austerity may shape individual preferences for redistribution and influence political outcomes. Participants will be randomized into three groups, two treatment groups (the information treatments) and one control group. Participants in the ‘information treatment’ groups (treatment 1 and treatment 2) will be shown professionally produced videos about austerity. In treatment 1, participants will watch a video on austerity; treatment 2 participants will watch a video on austerity and its costs in terms of social and economic deprivation among vulnerable population segments. The control group will be shown a video of similar length and with informational content irrelevant for the purpose of the study. We except participants in treatment group 2 to be significantly more likely to adjust their redistributive preferences vis-a-vis the control group. We also expect participants in treatment group 2 to be significantly more inclined to sign the petition. Our main interest is in comparing each treatment to the comparison group, and if sensible, to compare pooled data from treatments 1 and 2 to the comparison group.

Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Using the built-in randomizer of Qualtrics, the survey software we are using for the experiment.
Randomization Unit
Individual survey participants.
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
Not applicable for this individual level randomization.
Sample size: planned number of observations
1500 individuals will be recruited via Prolific, an on demand self-service data collection platform with high quality data that is suitable for research.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
500-700 individuals in the control group. 300-500 individuals in treatment groups 1 and 2 respectively.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Ethical Review Committee Inner City Faculties
IRB Approval Date
2021-09-27
IRB Approval Number
ERCIC_280_25_08_2021