Firms’ demand for working from home during a pandemic - a discrete choice experiment in Poland.

Last registered on May 27, 2022

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Firms’ demand for working from home during a pandemic - a discrete choice experiment in Poland.
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0008796
Initial registration date
March 03, 2022

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
March 04, 2022, 9:14 AM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Last updated
May 27, 2022, 5:10 PM EDT

Last updated is the most recent time when changes to the trial's registration were published.

Locations

Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Institute for Structural Research

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Institute for Structural Research, Institute of Labour Economics
PI Affiliation
Institute for Structural Research, University of Warsaw

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2022-03-30
End date
2022-09-30
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic has transformed working from home from a rarity to a widely adopted job amenity that reduces exposure to the virus and changes the organization of work. Our project aims to assess firms’ preferences towards working from home. It will evaluate to what extent these preferences depend on subjective and objective assessments of COVID-19 related risks, and to what extent on individual and firm characteristics. To this aim, we will conduct a discrete choice experiment to estimate employers’ willingness to pay for a job amenity – working from home.

The project will contribute to the understanding of social behavior, especially regarding the organization of work and firms’ hiring practices during a pandemic and its aftermath.

This project is a follow-up of the research in which we investigated workers' preferences to work from home (RCT ID: AEARCTR-0007373). Within this research, we will investigate the employers’ preferences.

External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Lewandowski, Piotr, Katarzyna Lipowska and Mateusz Smoter. 2022. "Firms’ demand for working from home during a pandemic - a discrete choice experiment in Poland.." AEA RCT Registry. May 27. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.8796
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Discrete choice experiment - study participants (owners of a company, managers, directors or HR employees that decide on hiring policy) will choose between two hypothetical profiles of the candidates applying for a job offer. The profiles will differ in terms of wages and candidates' willingness to work from home.
Intervention Start Date
2022-06-01
Intervention End Date
2022-06-30

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Willingness to pay (WTP) for working from home
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
The probability of choosing an individual who prefers to work from home rather than in the office
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
We will use a Computer-Assisted Web Interviewing (CAWI) technique. The participants in our study will be owners of a company, managers, directors or HR employees that decide on hiring policy. We will restrict the sample to individuals who, in the last 12 months, hired at least one employee in the occupation that could be potentially done from home (occupations according to the major groups of the International Standard Classification of Occupations from 2008 – ISCO-08: managers (ISCO 1), professionals (except for health professionals, ISCO 2), technicians and associate professionals (except for health associate professionals, ISCO 3), clerical support workers (ISCO 4), and service and sales workers (ISCO 5).

In the first part of the survey, we will collect basic information about the participants’ socio-demographic characteristics and the characteristics of their company (sector, ownership, size, and the possibility to work from home before, during and after COVID). We will also ask respondents about their opinion on how the company was affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, how they assess the productivity of employees who work from home, and what is their subjective opinion regarding the threat associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. To investigate the quality of management practices in a company, we will ask six questions adapted from the World Management Survey’s module on the quality of hiring policies and talent management.

In the second part of the survey, we will introduce a discrete choice framework and ask all participants to state their preferences regarding hypothetical candidates.To assess firms’ demand for working from home, the participants will be shown five screens with vignettes. On each screen, there will be two job candidates. Each candidate will have eight attributes: gender, age, work experience in a similar position, commuting time to the office, occupation, working hours, willingness to work from home, and wage expectations. Each pair of candidates will vary in terms of two attributes: the ability to work from home and the wages. Candidate A will want to work from the office, while Candidate B will want to work from home either five days a week or 2-3 days a week (with equal probability). The number of days candidate B would work from home will be selected randomly. The wage expectation of Candidate A will equal the average wage in a given occupation. The wage expectation of Candidate B will be randomised (uniform distribution) in the range of {-24%,-20%,-16%,…,0,…,16%,20%,24%} deviations from the wage of Candidate A.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Vignette's attributes will be randomized by a computer.
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
The design is not clustered.
Sample size: planned number of observations
We plan to recruit 1300 individuals - employers and HR specialists who are responsible for hiring new employees. We plan to present 5 choice sets to each participant. It will give us 6500 observations (choices).
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
1300 individuals.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Supporting Documents and Materials

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IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Rector's Committee for Ethics of Research with Human Participants, University of Warsaw
IRB Approval Date
2022-02-11
IRB Approval Number
125/2022
Analysis Plan

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