We randomly assign selected participants to one of two alternative workshops: control and treatment. All CHWs attending a specific workshop will receive the same training. All workshops are held at the health area level and replicate the existing structure of the routine monthly meeting of the program.
The first activity of the workshop is a pre-test on prenatal care and a baseline questionnaire comprising a face-to-face survey and a self-administered one. The face-to-face survey elicits beliefs about health indicators at the local level, i.e., administrative region, and the program's contribution to their evolution. The self-administered asks about participants' engagement in the CHW program.
Participants then attend the training session. Depending on the treatment group, the training modules are the following:
• Control – receives a placebo module on mango, the seasonal fruit at the time of the workshop + refresher training on prenatal care.
• Treatment – participants receive a treatment module on program effectiveness taken from the official program evaluation presented for the first time to policymakers a few months before the workshop and still unknown to participants + refresher training on prenatal care.
During the training session, a research assistant observes and evaluates the attitude and participation of CHWs. After the conclusion of the training session, the trainer will prepare a debrief of the session, reporting his impressions and comments.
After the training, participants sit in a post-test on prenatal care and a follow-up questionnaire comprising a face-to-face survey and a self-administered one. The face-to-face survey has two modules. The first module replicates the baseline module eliciting beliefs about health indicators at the local level, i.e., administrative region, and the program's contribution to their evolution. The second collects measures of motivation and various manipulation checks. The self-administered survey collects essential socio-demographic characteristics and asks about participants' willingness to engage in the CHW program in the future.
Finally, participants perform a real-effort task with a clear and direct link to their role as CHWs. This involves contacting by phone a sample of their households. The target respondent is a pregnant woman or a woman between 18 and 49. During the call, CHWs test the respondent's knowledge of prenatal care and convey the recommendations covered during the refresher training,
We will follow up with CHWs over the phone in the month after the workshop. The phone survey will cover: i) extensive and intensive participation in the program and time allocation in other activities, and ii) motivation to work as a CHW. Moreover, when available, we will gather administrative data from the program for the months following the workshop. We will employ this data to measure: i) extensive and intensive participation in the CHW program and ii) individual performance.
We will also follow up with the contacted households to measure downstream outcomes in knowledge and behaviors. In the month after the workshop, we will contact by phone a sample of households contacted by CHWs during the workshop. The questionnaire will cover: i) satisfaction with the program, ii) knowledge of recommendations on prenatal care received during the phone call received during the workshop, and iii) health behaviors over the past week.