Impact Evaluation of the SJY Program: a Government-led Scale up of the Graduation Approach

Last registered on July 21, 2022


Trial Information

General Information

Impact Evaluation of the SJY Program: a Government-led Scale up of the Graduation Approach
Initial registration date
July 18, 2022

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
July 21, 2022, 11:46 AM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.


There is information in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access.

Request Information

Primary Investigator


Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
PI Affiliation
PI Affiliation

Additional Trial Information

On going
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
The SJY scheme is the first large-scale government implementation of a multi-layered livelihoods program (the “Graduation Approach”) with the objective to scale up the program to 1 Lakh ultra-poor households across Bihar. J-PAL SA supports JEEViKA, the Bihar state’s Rural Livelihoods Mission, in their implementation of the Satat Jeevikoparjan Yojana (SJY) program. In addition to evaluating the SJY program, J-PAL SA supports JEEViKA in the scale up of the program through process evaluation research and by strengthening JEEViKA’s data management and use.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Banerjee, Abhijit et al. 2022. "Impact Evaluation of the SJY Program: a Government-led Scale up of the Graduation Approach." AEA RCT Registry. July 21.
Sponsors & Partners

There is information in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access.

Request Information
Experimental Details


Under SJY, the local village-based community organization named “Village Organization (VO)”, being promoted by Jeevika, is conducting a community-based participatory targeting process to identify and endorse ultra-poor households. In the next stage, participants of the SJY program will receive consumption stipends and asset transfers through their respective Village Organization, which, together with continuous handholding support of SJY Master Resource Person (MRP) and Jeevika’s ongoing interventions, will constitute a comprehensive graduation package. These steps are conducted over a period of 24 months for a particular beneficiary. Jeevika is already in the process of identifying the ultra-poor households and distributing assets to identified beneficiaries.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Impact of a government-implemented program in the state of Bihar among the ultra-poor beneficiaries on a range of outcomes including: total per capita consumption, food security, asset value, financial inclusion, incomes and revenues
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Physical health, political involvement, and women’s empowerment
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
This is the first time that the graduation approach is being directly implemented by a government body. Implementation of the graduation approach in previous studies was led by local NGOs at a much smaller scale. Whenever a smaller-scale NGO-implemented program is transformed into a government-implemented large-scale program, it is expected that there will be deviations from the original model. However, it is essential to measure and understand how much the scale-up version is deviating from the core processes of the graduation approach. One of the critical challenges faced by Jeevika is to ensure that the implementation of the SJY does not deviate substantially from the underlying principles of the graduation approach. This is why the impact evaluation will be supplemented with a small-scale process monitoring of a subsample of the impact evaluation sample.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
The randomized evaluation study will randomly allocate panchayats to either the treatment and control group in our study districts/blocks. The randomization will be stratified using secondary data. After randomization, the SJY program will only be implemented by Jeevika in the treatment group.
Randomization Unit
Village level (Gram Panchayat)
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
Clustered at the village level with a total of 131 gram panchayats.
Sample size: planned number of observations
Our planned number of observations is 2743 households with approximately 5600 adults.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
1429 households across 65 gram panchayats
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Institute for Financial Management and Research
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
IRB00007107; FWA00014616; IORG0005894
IRB Name
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number