Play to Learn - Mass Media Impact Evaluation - Colombia

Last registered on August 03, 2022

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Play to Learn - Mass Media Impact Evaluation - Colombia
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0009826
Initial registration date
July 29, 2022

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
August 03, 2022, 2:33 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Global TIES for Children New York University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2022-08-01
End date
2023-03-10
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
Forced displacement is affecting an increasing number of people across the globe (UNHCR Global Trends 2020). War, conflict and persecution, environmental disasters or economic hardship continues to uproot people around the world and displace them from their homes. This phenomenon is also affecting children, who as a result will often experience severe stress related to their family's displacement, family conflict, difficulties with education, and social exclusion and discrimination. Such events greatly affect children’s early development and can have long lasting impacts in their cognitive and social development.

Play to Learn (PtL) Watch, Play Learn video blocks created by Sesame’s Workshop focus on developing socio-emotional learning and math skills among young children, with a focus on those affected by conflict and displacement.

Colombia is the second largest host of internationally displaced people in the world, with more than 1.7 million Venezuelans in the country and has one of the highest numbers of internally displaced people (European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, 2019). Access to social services for these families, including education, is limited, all of which has been exacerbated by COVID-19. Sesame Workshop along with New York University Global Ties for Children and Innovations for Poverty action will measure the impact of Watch, Play Learn video blocks targeting four-year-old children through a randomized experiment in Colombia. The sample will consist of Venezuelan migrants living in Colombia and Colombian nationals in those communities with high concentration of Venezuelan migrants.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Yoshikawa, Hirokazu. 2022. "Play to Learn - Mass Media Impact Evaluation - Colombia ." AEA RCT Registry. August 03. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.9826
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
The intervention will consist of sending Play to Learn (PtL) Watch, Play Learn video blocks that focus on developing socio-emotional learning and math skills for internally and forcibly displaced four year-old children. Contents and methodology have the potential to address the acute lack of education opportunities among children living in vulnerable contexts like migration or forced displacement.
Intervention Start Date
2022-09-19
Intervention End Date
2023-01-31

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Emotion recognition by 4-year-old children
Emotion identification by 4-year-old children
Self-regulation strategies of 4-year-old children
Early mathematics skills
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Emotion recognition by 4-year-old children: Children will be able to identify and name emotions
Emotion identification by 4-year-old children: Children will be able to identify specific emotions
Self-regulation strategies of 4-year-old children: Children will be able to identify others’ and own feelings in the context of common social situations
Early mathematics skills: Children will be able to demonstrate increased levels of a composite of early mathematic skills, including of (i) counting - verbal number production of 1 to 10 Items, verbal counting, what comes next,, (ii) shape discrimination - nonverbal identification and sorting, (iii) Position and location of things in relation to other objects; (iv) measurement terms (height, width)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Whether effects of the intervention on primary outcomes are moderated by home environment (perceived refugee environment index). caregiver characteristics (caregiver’s education level, mental health, , thnic/immigrant origin), or child gender and age
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Spatial relation (hiding, left/right) questions that extend beyond the primary spatial relations outcomes (inside/outside, between, over/under)
Counting/cardinality are a spillover of the primary outcomes

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
The project will be designed as a randomized experiment to measure the impact of Watch, Play Learn video blocks targeting four-year-old children. The RCT intervention will last 19 weeks and will be conducted in Barranquilla and Soledad.

The sample will consist of 1,000 households that will be randomly assigned to a treatment (500 households) and a control group (500 households). Households will be Venezuelan migrants living in Colombia and Colombian nationals living in 16 pre-identified with a high concentration of Venezuelan migrant population.

The recruitment and baseline data collection will be conducted in-person and the neighborhood leaders will be informing all the community about the recruitment activity based on WhatsApp messages previously designed by the research team (see marketing section below).

If the caregiver and the child are eligible and accepted to be part of the study, we will proceed with the baseline questionnaires. The caregiver’s survey will inquire about caregivers’ basic information on household and income; education; socioeconomic status as well as mental health status. Meanwhile, the child’s survey will assess children's SEL and mathematics-skills A baseline cost survey will also be conducted which will try to gauge utilization of resources by caregivers which are relevant to the study context (such as mobile phone, money spent on internet, etc. ) and the time spent and resources employed by them to engage with their children through different academic or non-academic activities.
The unit of observation will be at the household level. Thus, after recruitment and baseline we will randomize households into treatment and control groups to have equal sample sizes. The study is powered to detect a minimum effect of 0.175 sd.

During the 19 week intervention we will monitor metrics related to content access and usage using the deployment platform of video delivery.

We will conduct an endline data collection after the intervention is completed. This data collection will be in-person and the team will contact both caregivers and children that participated in the baseline. Topics of the endline will be similar to those in baseline including additional questions to conduct a cost effectiveness analysis.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization will be done using the randtreat Stata command after the baseline phase.
Randomization Unit
Treatment will be randomized at the household level.
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
N/A
Sample size: planned number of observations
2,000 observations (1,000 caregivers and 1,000 children)
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Treatment group: 500 caregivers and children aged 4
Control group: 500 caregivers and children aged 4.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Total sample size = 1000 households, accounting for 35% attrition at level 1 that is individual household level, MDES=0.175
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Innovations for Poverty Action Institutional Review Board (IRB)
IRB Approval Date
2022-04-19
IRB Approval Number
16256
Analysis Plan

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