Gender Discrimination in Economic Decision-making: Behavioral Evidence from India
Last registered on March 04, 2016

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Gender Discrimination in Economic Decision-making: Behavioral Evidence from India
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0001100
Initial registration date
March 04, 2016
Last updated
March 04, 2016 1:25 PM EST
Location(s)
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2016-03-05
End date
2016-03-16
Secondary IDs
Abstract
Discriminatory beliefs and practices against women within households and local communities are usually cited as a prominent reason for high levels of gender inequality prevalent in contemporary Indian society. While the presence and implications of discrimination against women and other minority groups in India has been extensively documented in the social science literature, there is a paucity of experimental evidence from the field. Within development economics, gender inequality is considered to be a barrier for economic development but to the best of my knowledge, there is a lack of field research on analyzing the behavioral patterns of discriminatory behavior against women. This experimental study is setup with the following objectives:
1) use lab-in-the-field games to identify the presence of discriminatory beliefs towards female participants
2) analyze which economic models of discrimination predict observed patterns of gender discrimination (taste-based versus statistical discrimination models)
3) test the impact of a cognitive nudge which involves varying the evaluation settings on participants’ decision-making
4) analyze the relationship between lab measures of discrimination and participants’ real-life experiences with intra-household gender inequality
To achieve these objectives, I will use two prominent behavioral games, including the standard trust and dictator games, in a within-subjects experimental design which enables the identification of discriminatory beliefs at the individual level. This design also allows for between-subjects analysis comparing differential behavior of women and men towards each other. The lab experiment will be followed by a short-survey designed to record the participants’ demographic and socio-economic characteristics, as well as the existing level of gender inequality within their households.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Mehrotra, Rahul. 2016. "Gender Discrimination in Economic Decision-making: Behavioral Evidence from India." AEA RCT Registry. March 04. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.1100-1.0.
Former Citation
Mehrotra, Rahul. 2016. "Gender Discrimination in Economic Decision-making: Behavioral Evidence from India." AEA RCT Registry. March 04. http://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/1100/history/7117.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2016-03-05
Intervention End Date
2016-03-16
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Trust and Altruism by male and female participants in other male and female participants.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
Within subjects design lab in the field experiment, with multiple treatment settings
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Random blind lottery drawn by participants
Randomization Unit
Individual participants
Was the treatment clustered?
No
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
12 villages
Sample size: planned number of observations
450 villagers
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
450 villagers undergo all different treatment settings in a within-subjects design
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Supporting Documents and Materials

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IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Post-Trial
Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal
Intervention
Is the intervention completed?
No
Is data collection complete?
Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
No
Program Files
Program Files
Reports and Papers
Preliminary Reports
Relevant Papers