Character Development among Ultra-Poor Filipinos

Last registered on April 29, 2016


Trial Information

General Information

Character Development among Ultra-Poor Filipinos
Initial registration date
February 16, 2016

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
February 16, 2016, 2:14 PM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Last updated
April 29, 2016, 2:07 PM EDT

Last updated is the most recent time when changes to the trial's registration were published.



Primary Investigator

Northwestern University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
London School of Economics and Political Science
PI Affiliation
Yale University

Additional Trial Information

On going
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
The primary academic purpose of the study is to test whether a religious curriculum implemented by a trained pastor network affects secular measures of development. A secondary purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the health and livelihood aspects of the Transform program implemented by International Care Ministries (ICM) in the Philippines.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Bryan, Gharad, James Choi and Dean Karlan. 2016. "Character Development among Ultra-Poor Filipinos." AEA RCT Registry. April 29.
Former Citation
Bryan, Gharad, James Choi and Dean Karlan. 2016. "Character Development among Ultra-Poor Filipinos." AEA RCT Registry. April 29.
Experimental Details


Transform is a four-month program that targets Filipinos living in abject poverty. Participants gather weekly to receive instruction on health practices, livelihood skills, and character development through biblical teaching. They also receive nutritional supplements and are encouraged to participate in a livelihood program, which includes vermiculture (composting with worms), organic gardening or detergent making. This allows them to practice the livelihood skills and entrepreneurial traits they have learned, in addition to providing an immediate supplement to their income. At the conclusion of the program participants graduate and receive a certificate attesting to their diligence.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
We classify the outcome variables we will consider into:
1) Primary outcomes of interest: religion, consumption, income generating activities, life satisfaction/current hedonic state/mental health, economic Status.
2) Primary mechanisms: social capital, locus of control, optimism, grit and self-control
3) Secondary outcomes of interest: assets, health, hygiene, house quality, migration, psychological abuse and domestic violence

Within the primary outcomes of interest, the religious outcomes will be considered “first stage” outcomes, which we will test to confirm that the religious values curriculum is having the intended impact on religiosity. The economic and mental health outcomes will be considered “second stage” outcomes that we hypothesize are affected by religiosity.

For a more detailed explanation of the outcomes please refer to the Pre-Analysis Plan.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Participants were randomized to either receive (a) health, livelihood, and religious values training; (b) health and livelihood training only; (c) religious values training only; (d) no-intervention control.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
For the full intervention - stratified by community (base)
For the mobile money component - stratified by treatment
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
320 communities
Sample size: planned number of observations
8000 households
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Control = 2000 households
Values = 2000 households
Health + Livelihoods = 2000 households
Values + Health + Livelihoods = 2000 households
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Yale University
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Analysis Plan

Analysis Plan Documents

Pre-Analysis Plan (2)

MD5: e0043b339e78881c23e2c7c8cbea9f0f

SHA1: a79229588a33626f0fc1b69d80958251403fc651

Uploaded At: April 29, 2016

Pre-Analysis Plan

MD5: 18eb38a8e0a57b73059e72e02ed5a8d4

SHA1: 7dc17693021befcf768d7510768891495c67d6cb

Uploaded At: April 29, 2016


Post Trial Information

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Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials